Microsoft Sentinel Analytic Rules
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Detect Windows Update Disabled from Registry

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Idf1443a87-78d5-40c3-b051-f468f0f2def0
RulenameDetect Windows Update Disabled from Registry
DescriptionThis analytic rule detects any registry value creation or modification of Windows Update registry keys to disable Windows Update. This could be an indication of defense evasion by an adversary on a compromised host.
SeverityMedium
TacticsDefenseEvasion
TechniquesT1562
Required data connectorsCiscoSecureEndpoint
CrowdStrikeFalconEndpointProtection
MicrosoftThreatProtection
SentinelOne
TrendMicroApexOne
TrendMicroApexOneAma
VMwareCarbonBlack
KindScheduled
Query frequency1h
Query period1h
Trigger threshold0
Trigger operatorgt
Source Urihttps://github.com/Azure/Azure-Sentinel/blob/master/Solutions/Malware Protection Essentials/Analytic Rules/WindowsUpdateDisabled.yaml
Version1.0.0
Arm templatef1443a87-78d5-40c3-b051-f468f0f2def0.json
Deploy To Azure
// List of Windows Firewall registry keys to monitor
let windowsUpdateRegistryList = dynamic([
  'HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\\Software\\Policies\\Microsoft\\Windows\\WindowsUpdate',
  'HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\\Software\\Policies\\Microsoft\\Windows\\WindowsUpdate\\AU'
  ]);
_ASim_RegistryEvent
| where EventType in ('RegistryValueSet', 'RegistryKeyCreated') 
| where RegistryKey has_any (windowsUpdateRegistryList) 
| where RegistryValue has_any ('AUOptions', 'NoAutoUpdate') and RegistryValueData == '1'
| project
    TimeGenerated,
    DvcHostname,
    ActorUsername,
    ActorUsernameType,
    ActingProcessId,
    ActingProcessName,
    ActingProcessCommandLine,
    RegistryKey,
    RegistryValue,
    RegistryValueType,
    RegistryValueData
| extend HostName = tostring(split(DvcHostname, '.')[0])
| extend DnsDomain = tostring(strcat_array(array_slice(split(DvcHostname, '.'), 1, -1), '.'))
| extend Username = iff(tostring(ActorUsernameType) == 'Windows', tostring(split(ActorUsername, '\\')[1]), ActorUsername)
| extend NTDomain = iff(tostring(ActorUsernameType) == 'Windows', tostring(split(ActorUsername, '\\')[0]), ActorUsername)
| extend Username = iff(tostring(ActorUsernameType) == 'UPN', tostring(split(ActorUsername, '@')[0]), Username)
| extend UPNSuffix = iff(tostring(ActorUsernameType) == 'UPN', tostring(split(ActorUsername, '@')[1]), '')
| extend RegHive = tostring(split(RegistryKey, '\\')[0]), RegKey = tostring(strcat_array(array_slice(split(RegistryKey, '\\'), 1, -1), '\\')) 
alertDetailsOverride:
  alertDisplayNameFormat: Windows Update Disabled from Registry on {{HostName}}
  alertDescriptionFormat: Windows Update Disabled from Registry {{RegKey}} on {{HostName}} by {{Username}}
eventGroupingSettings:
  aggregationKind: singleAlert
tags:
- Schema: _ASim_RegistryEvent
  SchemaVersion: 0.1.2
status: Available
triggerThreshold: 0
relevantTechniques:
- T1562
OriginalUri: https://github.com/Azure/Azure-Sentinel/blob/master/Solutions/Malware Protection Essentials/Analytic Rules/WindowsUpdateDisabled.yaml
requiredDataConnectors:
- dataTypes:
  - CommonSecurityLog
  connectorId: CrowdStrikeFalconEndpointProtection
- dataTypes:
  - SecurityAlert
  connectorId: MicrosoftThreatProtection
- dataTypes:
  - SentinelOne_CL
  connectorId: SentinelOne
- dataTypes:
  - CarbonBlackEvents_CL
  connectorId: VMwareCarbonBlack
- dataTypes:
  - CiscoSecureEndpoint_CL
  connectorId: CiscoSecureEndpoint
- dataTypes:
  - TMApexOneEvent
  connectorId: TrendMicroApexOne
- dataTypes:
  - TMApexOneEvent
  connectorId: TrendMicroApexOneAma
queryPeriod: 1h
tactics:
- DefenseEvasion
severity: Medium
triggerOperator: gt
description: |
    This analytic rule detects any registry value creation or modification of Windows Update registry keys to disable Windows Update. This could be an indication of defense evasion by an adversary on a compromised host.
query: |
  // List of Windows Firewall registry keys to monitor
  let windowsUpdateRegistryList = dynamic([
    'HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\\Software\\Policies\\Microsoft\\Windows\\WindowsUpdate',
    'HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\\Software\\Policies\\Microsoft\\Windows\\WindowsUpdate\\AU'
    ]);
  _ASim_RegistryEvent
  | where EventType in ('RegistryValueSet', 'RegistryKeyCreated') 
  | where RegistryKey has_any (windowsUpdateRegistryList) 
  | where RegistryValue has_any ('AUOptions', 'NoAutoUpdate') and RegistryValueData == '1'
  | project
      TimeGenerated,
      DvcHostname,
      ActorUsername,
      ActorUsernameType,
      ActingProcessId,
      ActingProcessName,
      ActingProcessCommandLine,
      RegistryKey,
      RegistryValue,
      RegistryValueType,
      RegistryValueData
  | extend HostName = tostring(split(DvcHostname, '.')[0])
  | extend DnsDomain = tostring(strcat_array(array_slice(split(DvcHostname, '.'), 1, -1), '.'))
  | extend Username = iff(tostring(ActorUsernameType) == 'Windows', tostring(split(ActorUsername, '\\')[1]), ActorUsername)
  | extend NTDomain = iff(tostring(ActorUsernameType) == 'Windows', tostring(split(ActorUsername, '\\')[0]), ActorUsername)
  | extend Username = iff(tostring(ActorUsernameType) == 'UPN', tostring(split(ActorUsername, '@')[0]), Username)
  | extend UPNSuffix = iff(tostring(ActorUsernameType) == 'UPN', tostring(split(ActorUsername, '@')[1]), '')
  | extend RegHive = tostring(split(RegistryKey, '\\')[0]), RegKey = tostring(strcat_array(array_slice(split(RegistryKey, '\\'), 1, -1), '\\'))   
name: Detect Windows Update Disabled from Registry
version: 1.0.0
kind: Scheduled
id: f1443a87-78d5-40c3-b051-f468f0f2def0
queryFrequency: 1h
entityMappings:
- entityType: Host
  fieldMappings:
  - columnName: HostName
    identifier: HostName
  - columnName: DnsDomain
    identifier: DnsDomain
  - columnName: NTDomain
    identifier: NTDomain
- entityType: Account
  fieldMappings:
  - columnName: Username
    identifier: Name
  - columnName: UPNSuffix
    identifier: UPNSuffix
  - columnName: NTDomain
    identifier: NTDomain
- entityType: Process
  fieldMappings:
  - columnName: ActingProcessId
    identifier: ProcessId
  - columnName: ActingProcessCommandLine
    identifier: CommandLine
- entityType: RegistryKey
  fieldMappings:
  - columnName: RegHive
    identifier: Hive
  - columnName: RegKey
    identifier: Key
- entityType: RegistryValue
  fieldMappings:
  - columnName: RegistryValue
    identifier: Name
  - columnName: RegistryValueData
    identifier: Value
  - columnName: RegistryValueType
    identifier: ValueType
{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/2019-04-01/deploymentTemplate.json#",
  "contentVersion": "1.0.0.0",
  "parameters": {
    "workspace": {
      "type": "String"
    }
  },
  "resources": [
    {
      "apiVersion": "2023-02-01-preview",
      "id": "[concat(resourceId('Microsoft.OperationalInsights/workspaces/providers', parameters('workspace'), 'Microsoft.SecurityInsights'),'/alertRules/f1443a87-78d5-40c3-b051-f468f0f2def0')]",
      "kind": "Scheduled",
      "name": "[concat(parameters('workspace'),'/Microsoft.SecurityInsights/f1443a87-78d5-40c3-b051-f468f0f2def0')]",
      "properties": {
        "alertDetailsOverride": {
          "alertDescriptionFormat": "Windows Update Disabled from Registry {{RegKey}} on {{HostName}} by {{Username}}",
          "alertDisplayNameFormat": "Windows Update Disabled from Registry on {{HostName}}"
        },
        "alertRuleTemplateName": "f1443a87-78d5-40c3-b051-f468f0f2def0",
        "customDetails": null,
        "description": "This analytic rule detects any registry value creation or modification of Windows Update registry keys to disable Windows Update. This could be an indication of defense evasion by an adversary on a compromised host.\n",
        "displayName": "Detect Windows Update Disabled from Registry",
        "enabled": true,
        "entityMappings": [
          {
            "entityType": "Host",
            "fieldMappings": [
              {
                "columnName": "HostName",
                "identifier": "HostName"
              },
              {
                "columnName": "DnsDomain",
                "identifier": "DnsDomain"
              },
              {
                "columnName": "NTDomain",
                "identifier": "NTDomain"
              }
            ]
          },
          {
            "entityType": "Account",
            "fieldMappings": [
              {
                "columnName": "Username",
                "identifier": "Name"
              },
              {
                "columnName": "UPNSuffix",
                "identifier": "UPNSuffix"
              },
              {
                "columnName": "NTDomain",
                "identifier": "NTDomain"
              }
            ]
          },
          {
            "entityType": "Process",
            "fieldMappings": [
              {
                "columnName": "ActingProcessId",
                "identifier": "ProcessId"
              },
              {
                "columnName": "ActingProcessCommandLine",
                "identifier": "CommandLine"
              }
            ]
          },
          {
            "entityType": "RegistryKey",
            "fieldMappings": [
              {
                "columnName": "RegHive",
                "identifier": "Hive"
              },
              {
                "columnName": "RegKey",
                "identifier": "Key"
              }
            ]
          },
          {
            "entityType": "RegistryValue",
            "fieldMappings": [
              {
                "columnName": "RegistryValue",
                "identifier": "Name"
              },
              {
                "columnName": "RegistryValueData",
                "identifier": "Value"
              },
              {
                "columnName": "RegistryValueType",
                "identifier": "ValueType"
              }
            ]
          }
        ],
        "eventGroupingSettings": {
          "aggregationKind": "singleAlert"
        },
        "OriginalUri": "https://github.com/Azure/Azure-Sentinel/blob/master/Solutions/Malware Protection Essentials/Analytic Rules/WindowsUpdateDisabled.yaml",
        "query": "// List of Windows Firewall registry keys to monitor\nlet windowsUpdateRegistryList = dynamic([\n  'HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\\\\Software\\\\Policies\\\\Microsoft\\\\Windows\\\\WindowsUpdate',\n  'HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\\\\Software\\\\Policies\\\\Microsoft\\\\Windows\\\\WindowsUpdate\\\\AU'\n  ]);\n_ASim_RegistryEvent\n| where EventType in ('RegistryValueSet', 'RegistryKeyCreated') \n| where RegistryKey has_any (windowsUpdateRegistryList) \n| where RegistryValue has_any ('AUOptions', 'NoAutoUpdate') and RegistryValueData == '1'\n| project\n    TimeGenerated,\n    DvcHostname,\n    ActorUsername,\n    ActorUsernameType,\n    ActingProcessId,\n    ActingProcessName,\n    ActingProcessCommandLine,\n    RegistryKey,\n    RegistryValue,\n    RegistryValueType,\n    RegistryValueData\n| extend HostName = tostring(split(DvcHostname, '.')[0])\n| extend DnsDomain = tostring(strcat_array(array_slice(split(DvcHostname, '.'), 1, -1), '.'))\n| extend Username = iff(tostring(ActorUsernameType) == 'Windows', tostring(split(ActorUsername, '\\\\')[1]), ActorUsername)\n| extend NTDomain = iff(tostring(ActorUsernameType) == 'Windows', tostring(split(ActorUsername, '\\\\')[0]), ActorUsername)\n| extend Username = iff(tostring(ActorUsernameType) == 'UPN', tostring(split(ActorUsername, '@')[0]), Username)\n| extend UPNSuffix = iff(tostring(ActorUsernameType) == 'UPN', tostring(split(ActorUsername, '@')[1]), '')\n| extend RegHive = tostring(split(RegistryKey, '\\\\')[0]), RegKey = tostring(strcat_array(array_slice(split(RegistryKey, '\\\\'), 1, -1), '\\\\')) \n",
        "queryFrequency": "PT1H",
        "queryPeriod": "PT1H",
        "severity": "Medium",
        "status": "Available",
        "suppressionDuration": "PT1H",
        "suppressionEnabled": false,
        "tactics": [
          "DefenseEvasion"
        ],
        "tags": [
          {
            "Schema": "_ASim_RegistryEvent",
            "SchemaVersion": "0.1.2"
          }
        ],
        "techniques": [
          "T1562"
        ],
        "templateVersion": "1.0.0",
        "triggerOperator": "GreaterThan",
        "triggerThreshold": 0
      },
      "type": "Microsoft.OperationalInsights/workspaces/providers/alertRules"
    }
  ]
}