Microsoft Sentinel Analytic Rules
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NRT New access credential added to Application or Service Principal

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Ide42e889a-caaf-4dbb-aec6-371b37d64298
RulenameNRT New access credential added to Application or Service Principal
DescriptionThis will alert when an admin or app owner account adds a new credential to an Application or Service Principal where a verify KeyCredential was already present for the app.

If a threat actor obtains access to an account with sufficient privileges and adds the alternate authentication material triggering this event, the threat actor can now authenticate as the Application or Service Principal using this credential.

Additional information on OAuth Credential Grants can be found in RFC 6749 Section 4.4 or https://docs.microsoft.com/azure/active-directory/develop/v2-oauth2-client-creds-grant-flow

For further information on AuditLogs please see https://docs.microsoft.com/azure/active-directory/reports-monitoring/reference-audit-activities.
SeverityMedium
TacticsDefenseEvasion
TechniquesT1550
Required data connectorsAzureActiveDirectory
KindNRT
Source Urihttps://github.com/Azure/Azure-Sentinel/blob/master/Solutions/Microsoft Entra ID/Analytic Rules/NRT_NewAppOrServicePrincipalCredential.yaml
Version1.0.4
Arm templatee42e889a-caaf-4dbb-aec6-371b37d64298.json
Deploy To Azure
AuditLogs
| where OperationName has_any ("Add service principal", "Certificates and secrets management") // captures "Add service principal", "Add service principal credentials", and "Update application - Certificates and secrets management" events
| where Result =~ "success"
| where tostring(InitiatedBy.user.userPrincipalName) has "@" or tostring(InitiatedBy.app.displayName) has "@"
| mv-apply TargetResource = TargetResources on 
  (
      where TargetResource.type =~ "Application"
      | extend targetDisplayName = tostring(TargetResource.displayName),
               targetId = tostring(TargetResource.id),
               targetType = tostring(TargetResource.type),
               keyEvents = TargetResource.modifiedProperties
  )
| mv-apply Property = keyEvents on 
  (
      where Property.displayName =~ "KeyDescription"
      | extend new_value_set = parse_json(tostring(Property.newValue)),
               old_value_set = parse_json(tostring(Property.oldValue))
  )
| where old_value_set != "[]"
| extend diff = set_difference(new_value_set, old_value_set)
| where diff != "[]"
| parse diff with * "KeyIdentifier=" keyIdentifier:string ",KeyType=" keyType:string ",KeyUsage=" keyUsage:string ",DisplayName=" keyDisplayName:string "]" *
| where keyUsage =~ "Verify"
| mv-apply AdditionalDetail = AdditionalDetails on 
  (
      where AdditionalDetail.key =~ "User-Agent"
      | extend UserAgent = tostring(AdditionalDetail.value)
  )
| extend InitiatingAppName = tostring(InitiatedBy.app.displayName)
| extend InitiatingAppServicePrincipalId = tostring(InitiatedBy.app.servicePrincipalId)
| extend InitiatingUserPrincipalName = tostring(InitiatedBy.user.userPrincipalName)
| extend InitiatingAadUserId = tostring(InitiatedBy.user.id)
| extend InitiatingIpAddress = tostring(iff(isnotempty(InitiatedBy.user.ipAddress), InitiatedBy.user.ipAddress, InitiatedBy.app.ipAddress))
// The below line is currently commented out but Microsoft Sentinel users can modify this query to show only Application or only Service Principal events in their environment
//| where targetType =~ "Application" // or targetType =~ "ServicePrincipal"
| project-away diff, new_value_set, old_value_set
| project-reorder TimeGenerated, OperationName, InitiatingUserPrincipalName, InitiatingAadUserId, InitiatingAppName, InitiatingAppServicePrincipalId, InitiatingIpAddress, UserAgent, targetDisplayName, targetId, targetType, keyDisplayName, keyType, keyUsage, keyIdentifier, CorrelationId, TenantId
| extend Name = tostring(split(InitiatingUserPrincipalName,'@',0)[0]), UPNSuffix = tostring(split(InitiatingUserPrincipalName,'@',1)[0])
name: NRT New access credential added to Application or Service Principal
status: Available
relevantTechniques:
- T1550
query: |
  AuditLogs
  | where OperationName has_any ("Add service principal", "Certificates and secrets management") // captures "Add service principal", "Add service principal credentials", and "Update application - Certificates and secrets management" events
  | where Result =~ "success"
  | where tostring(InitiatedBy.user.userPrincipalName) has "@" or tostring(InitiatedBy.app.displayName) has "@"
  | mv-apply TargetResource = TargetResources on 
    (
        where TargetResource.type =~ "Application"
        | extend targetDisplayName = tostring(TargetResource.displayName),
                 targetId = tostring(TargetResource.id),
                 targetType = tostring(TargetResource.type),
                 keyEvents = TargetResource.modifiedProperties
    )
  | mv-apply Property = keyEvents on 
    (
        where Property.displayName =~ "KeyDescription"
        | extend new_value_set = parse_json(tostring(Property.newValue)),
                 old_value_set = parse_json(tostring(Property.oldValue))
    )
  | where old_value_set != "[]"
  | extend diff = set_difference(new_value_set, old_value_set)
  | where diff != "[]"
  | parse diff with * "KeyIdentifier=" keyIdentifier:string ",KeyType=" keyType:string ",KeyUsage=" keyUsage:string ",DisplayName=" keyDisplayName:string "]" *
  | where keyUsage =~ "Verify"
  | mv-apply AdditionalDetail = AdditionalDetails on 
    (
        where AdditionalDetail.key =~ "User-Agent"
        | extend UserAgent = tostring(AdditionalDetail.value)
    )
  | extend InitiatingAppName = tostring(InitiatedBy.app.displayName)
  | extend InitiatingAppServicePrincipalId = tostring(InitiatedBy.app.servicePrincipalId)
  | extend InitiatingUserPrincipalName = tostring(InitiatedBy.user.userPrincipalName)
  | extend InitiatingAadUserId = tostring(InitiatedBy.user.id)
  | extend InitiatingIpAddress = tostring(iff(isnotempty(InitiatedBy.user.ipAddress), InitiatedBy.user.ipAddress, InitiatedBy.app.ipAddress))
  // The below line is currently commented out but Microsoft Sentinel users can modify this query to show only Application or only Service Principal events in their environment
  //| where targetType =~ "Application" // or targetType =~ "ServicePrincipal"
  | project-away diff, new_value_set, old_value_set
  | project-reorder TimeGenerated, OperationName, InitiatingUserPrincipalName, InitiatingAadUserId, InitiatingAppName, InitiatingAppServicePrincipalId, InitiatingIpAddress, UserAgent, targetDisplayName, targetId, targetType, keyDisplayName, keyType, keyUsage, keyIdentifier, CorrelationId, TenantId
  | extend Name = tostring(split(InitiatingUserPrincipalName,'@',0)[0]), UPNSuffix = tostring(split(InitiatingUserPrincipalName,'@',1)[0])  
OriginalUri: https://github.com/Azure/Azure-Sentinel/blob/master/Solutions/Microsoft Entra ID/Analytic Rules/NRT_NewAppOrServicePrincipalCredential.yaml
description: |
  'This will alert when an admin or app owner account adds a new credential to an Application or Service Principal where a verify KeyCredential was already present for the app.
  If a threat actor obtains access to an account with sufficient privileges and adds the alternate authentication material triggering this event, the threat actor can now authenticate as the Application or Service Principal using this credential.
  Additional information on OAuth Credential Grants can be found in RFC 6749 Section 4.4 or https://docs.microsoft.com/azure/active-directory/develop/v2-oauth2-client-creds-grant-flow
  For further information on AuditLogs please see https://docs.microsoft.com/azure/active-directory/reports-monitoring/reference-audit-activities.'  
version: 1.0.4
tags:
- Solorigate
- NOBELIUM
id: e42e889a-caaf-4dbb-aec6-371b37d64298
kind: NRT
entityMappings:
- fieldMappings:
  - identifier: FullName
    columnName: InitiatingUserPrincipalName
  - identifier: Name
    columnName: InitiatingAppName
  entityType: Account
- fieldMappings:
  - identifier: AadUserId
    columnName: InitiatingAadUserId
  entityType: Account
- fieldMappings:
  - identifier: AadUserId
    columnName: InitiatingAppServicePrincipalId
  entityType: Account
- fieldMappings:
  - identifier: Address
    columnName: InitiatingIpAddress
  entityType: IP
severity: Medium
requiredDataConnectors:
- dataTypes:
  - AuditLogs
  connectorId: AzureActiveDirectory
tactics:
- DefenseEvasion
{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/2019-04-01/deploymentTemplate.json#",
  "contentVersion": "1.0.0.0",
  "parameters": {
    "workspace": {
      "type": "String"
    }
  },
  "resources": [
    {
      "apiVersion": "2023-02-01-preview",
      "id": "[concat(resourceId('Microsoft.OperationalInsights/workspaces/providers', parameters('workspace'), 'Microsoft.SecurityInsights'),'/alertRules/e42e889a-caaf-4dbb-aec6-371b37d64298')]",
      "kind": "NRT",
      "name": "[concat(parameters('workspace'),'/Microsoft.SecurityInsights/e42e889a-caaf-4dbb-aec6-371b37d64298')]",
      "properties": {
        "alertRuleTemplateName": "e42e889a-caaf-4dbb-aec6-371b37d64298",
        "customDetails": null,
        "description": "'This will alert when an admin or app owner account adds a new credential to an Application or Service Principal where a verify KeyCredential was already present for the app.\nIf a threat actor obtains access to an account with sufficient privileges and adds the alternate authentication material triggering this event, the threat actor can now authenticate as the Application or Service Principal using this credential.\nAdditional information on OAuth Credential Grants can be found in RFC 6749 Section 4.4 or https://docs.microsoft.com/azure/active-directory/develop/v2-oauth2-client-creds-grant-flow\nFor further information on AuditLogs please see https://docs.microsoft.com/azure/active-directory/reports-monitoring/reference-audit-activities.'\n",
        "displayName": "NRT New access credential added to Application or Service Principal",
        "enabled": true,
        "entityMappings": [
          {
            "entityType": "Account",
            "fieldMappings": [
              {
                "columnName": "InitiatingUserPrincipalName",
                "identifier": "FullName"
              },
              {
                "columnName": "InitiatingAppName",
                "identifier": "Name"
              }
            ]
          },
          {
            "entityType": "Account",
            "fieldMappings": [
              {
                "columnName": "InitiatingAadUserId",
                "identifier": "AadUserId"
              }
            ]
          },
          {
            "entityType": "Account",
            "fieldMappings": [
              {
                "columnName": "InitiatingAppServicePrincipalId",
                "identifier": "AadUserId"
              }
            ]
          },
          {
            "entityType": "IP",
            "fieldMappings": [
              {
                "columnName": "InitiatingIpAddress",
                "identifier": "Address"
              }
            ]
          }
        ],
        "OriginalUri": "https://github.com/Azure/Azure-Sentinel/blob/master/Solutions/Microsoft Entra ID/Analytic Rules/NRT_NewAppOrServicePrincipalCredential.yaml",
        "query": "AuditLogs\n| where OperationName has_any (\"Add service principal\", \"Certificates and secrets management\") // captures \"Add service principal\", \"Add service principal credentials\", and \"Update application - Certificates and secrets management\" events\n| where Result =~ \"success\"\n| where tostring(InitiatedBy.user.userPrincipalName) has \"@\" or tostring(InitiatedBy.app.displayName) has \"@\"\n| mv-apply TargetResource = TargetResources on \n  (\n      where TargetResource.type =~ \"Application\"\n      | extend targetDisplayName = tostring(TargetResource.displayName),\n               targetId = tostring(TargetResource.id),\n               targetType = tostring(TargetResource.type),\n               keyEvents = TargetResource.modifiedProperties\n  )\n| mv-apply Property = keyEvents on \n  (\n      where Property.displayName =~ \"KeyDescription\"\n      | extend new_value_set = parse_json(tostring(Property.newValue)),\n               old_value_set = parse_json(tostring(Property.oldValue))\n  )\n| where old_value_set != \"[]\"\n| extend diff = set_difference(new_value_set, old_value_set)\n| where diff != \"[]\"\n| parse diff with * \"KeyIdentifier=\" keyIdentifier:string \",KeyType=\" keyType:string \",KeyUsage=\" keyUsage:string \",DisplayName=\" keyDisplayName:string \"]\" *\n| where keyUsage =~ \"Verify\"\n| mv-apply AdditionalDetail = AdditionalDetails on \n  (\n      where AdditionalDetail.key =~ \"User-Agent\"\n      | extend UserAgent = tostring(AdditionalDetail.value)\n  )\n| extend InitiatingAppName = tostring(InitiatedBy.app.displayName)\n| extend InitiatingAppServicePrincipalId = tostring(InitiatedBy.app.servicePrincipalId)\n| extend InitiatingUserPrincipalName = tostring(InitiatedBy.user.userPrincipalName)\n| extend InitiatingAadUserId = tostring(InitiatedBy.user.id)\n| extend InitiatingIpAddress = tostring(iff(isnotempty(InitiatedBy.user.ipAddress), InitiatedBy.user.ipAddress, InitiatedBy.app.ipAddress))\n// The below line is currently commented out but Microsoft Sentinel users can modify this query to show only Application or only Service Principal events in their environment\n//| where targetType =~ \"Application\" // or targetType =~ \"ServicePrincipal\"\n| project-away diff, new_value_set, old_value_set\n| project-reorder TimeGenerated, OperationName, InitiatingUserPrincipalName, InitiatingAadUserId, InitiatingAppName, InitiatingAppServicePrincipalId, InitiatingIpAddress, UserAgent, targetDisplayName, targetId, targetType, keyDisplayName, keyType, keyUsage, keyIdentifier, CorrelationId, TenantId\n| extend Name = tostring(split(InitiatingUserPrincipalName,'@',0)[0]), UPNSuffix = tostring(split(InitiatingUserPrincipalName,'@',1)[0])\n",
        "severity": "Medium",
        "status": "Available",
        "suppressionDuration": "PT1H",
        "suppressionEnabled": false,
        "tactics": [
          "DefenseEvasion"
        ],
        "tags": [
          "Solorigate",
          "NOBELIUM"
        ],
        "techniques": [
          "T1550"
        ],
        "templateVersion": "1.0.4"
      },
      "type": "Microsoft.OperationalInsights/workspaces/providers/alertRules"
    }
  ]
}