Microsoft Sentinel Analytic Rules
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Privilege escalation via CRUD IAM policy

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Ide20d35a3-4fec-4c8b-81b1-fc33b41990b0
RulenamePrivilege escalation via CRUD IAM policy
DescriptionDetected usage of AttachUserPolicy/AttachGroupPolicy/AttachRolePolicy by CRUD IAM policy. Attackers could use these operations for privilege escalation. Verify these actions with the user.
SeverityMedium
TacticsPrivilegeEscalation
TechniquesT1484
Required data connectorsAWS
KindScheduled
Query frequency1d
Query period1d
Trigger threshold0
Trigger operatorgt
Source Urihttps://github.com/Azure/Azure-Sentinel/blob/master/Solutions/Amazon Web Services/Analytic Rules/AWS_PrivilegeEscalationViaCRUDIAMPolicy.yaml
Version1.0.0
Arm templatee20d35a3-4fec-4c8b-81b1-fc33b41990b0.json
Deploy To Azure
AWSCloudTrail
  | where EventName in ("PutUserPolicy","PutRolePolicy","PutGroupPolicy") and isempty(ErrorCode) and isempty(ErrorMessage)
  | extend PolicyName = tostring(parse_json(RequestParameters).policyName)
  | extend Statement = parse_json(tostring((parse_json(RequestParameters).policyDocument))).Statement
  | mvexpand Statement
  | extend Action = parse_json(Statement).Action , Effect = tostring(parse_json(Statement).Effect), Resource = tostring(parse_json(Statement).Resource), Condition = tostring(parse_json(Statement).Condition)
  | extend Action = tostring(Action)
  | where Effect =~ "Allow" and (Action contains "iam:Create" and (Action contains "iam:Get" or Action contains "iam:List")  and Action contains "iam:Update" and Action contains "iam:Delete") and Resource == "*" and Condition == ""
  | distinct TimeGenerated, EventName, PolicyName, SourceIpAddress, UserIdentityArn, UserIdentityUserName
  | extend UserIdentityUserName = iff(isnotempty(UserIdentityUserName), UserIdentityUserName, tostring(split(UserIdentityArn,'/')[-1]))
  | extend timestamp = TimeGenerated, IPCustomEntity = SourceIpAddress, AccountCustomEntity = UserIdentityUserName
severity: Medium
queryFrequency: 1d
relevantTechniques:
- T1484
tactics:
- PrivilegeEscalation
kind: Scheduled
query: |
  AWSCloudTrail
    | where EventName in ("PutUserPolicy","PutRolePolicy","PutGroupPolicy") and isempty(ErrorCode) and isempty(ErrorMessage)
    | extend PolicyName = tostring(parse_json(RequestParameters).policyName)
    | extend Statement = parse_json(tostring((parse_json(RequestParameters).policyDocument))).Statement
    | mvexpand Statement
    | extend Action = parse_json(Statement).Action , Effect = tostring(parse_json(Statement).Effect), Resource = tostring(parse_json(Statement).Resource), Condition = tostring(parse_json(Statement).Condition)
    | extend Action = tostring(Action)
    | where Effect =~ "Allow" and (Action contains "iam:Create" and (Action contains "iam:Get" or Action contains "iam:List")  and Action contains "iam:Update" and Action contains "iam:Delete") and Resource == "*" and Condition == ""
    | distinct TimeGenerated, EventName, PolicyName, SourceIpAddress, UserIdentityArn, UserIdentityUserName
    | extend UserIdentityUserName = iff(isnotempty(UserIdentityUserName), UserIdentityUserName, tostring(split(UserIdentityArn,'/')[-1]))
    | extend timestamp = TimeGenerated, IPCustomEntity = SourceIpAddress, AccountCustomEntity = UserIdentityUserName  
OriginalUri: https://github.com/Azure/Azure-Sentinel/blob/master/Solutions/Amazon Web Services/Analytic Rules/AWS_PrivilegeEscalationViaCRUDIAMPolicy.yaml
queryPeriod: 1d
status: Available
version: 1.0.0
name: Privilege escalation via CRUD IAM policy
requiredDataConnectors:
- dataTypes:
  - AWSCloudTrail
  connectorId: AWS
triggerOperator: gt
entityMappings:
- entityType: Account
  fieldMappings:
  - identifier: FullName
    columnName: AccountCustomEntity
- entityType: IP
  fieldMappings:
  - identifier: Address
    columnName: IPCustomEntity
id: e20d35a3-4fec-4c8b-81b1-fc33b41990b0
description: |
    'Detected usage of AttachUserPolicy/AttachGroupPolicy/AttachRolePolicy by CRUD IAM policy. Attackers could use these operations for privilege escalation. Verify these actions with the user.'
triggerThreshold: 0
{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/2019-04-01/deploymentTemplate.json#",
  "contentVersion": "1.0.0.0",
  "parameters": {
    "workspace": {
      "type": "String"
    }
  },
  "resources": [
    {
      "id": "[concat(resourceId('Microsoft.OperationalInsights/workspaces/providers', parameters('workspace'), 'Microsoft.SecurityInsights'),'/alertRules/e20d35a3-4fec-4c8b-81b1-fc33b41990b0')]",
      "name": "[concat(parameters('workspace'),'/Microsoft.SecurityInsights/e20d35a3-4fec-4c8b-81b1-fc33b41990b0')]",
      "type": "Microsoft.OperationalInsights/workspaces/providers/alertRules",
      "kind": "Scheduled",
      "apiVersion": "2022-11-01-preview",
      "properties": {
        "displayName": "Privilege escalation via CRUD IAM policy",
        "description": "'Detected usage of AttachUserPolicy/AttachGroupPolicy/AttachRolePolicy by CRUD IAM policy. Attackers could use these operations for privilege escalation. Verify these actions with the user.'\n",
        "severity": "Medium",
        "enabled": true,
        "query": "AWSCloudTrail\n  | where EventName in (\"PutUserPolicy\",\"PutRolePolicy\",\"PutGroupPolicy\") and isempty(ErrorCode) and isempty(ErrorMessage)\n  | extend PolicyName = tostring(parse_json(RequestParameters).policyName)\n  | extend Statement = parse_json(tostring((parse_json(RequestParameters).policyDocument))).Statement\n  | mvexpand Statement\n  | extend Action = parse_json(Statement).Action , Effect = tostring(parse_json(Statement).Effect), Resource = tostring(parse_json(Statement).Resource), Condition = tostring(parse_json(Statement).Condition)\n  | extend Action = tostring(Action)\n  | where Effect =~ \"Allow\" and (Action contains \"iam:Create\" and (Action contains \"iam:Get\" or Action contains \"iam:List\")  and Action contains \"iam:Update\" and Action contains \"iam:Delete\") and Resource == \"*\" and Condition == \"\"\n  | distinct TimeGenerated, EventName, PolicyName, SourceIpAddress, UserIdentityArn, UserIdentityUserName\n  | extend UserIdentityUserName = iff(isnotempty(UserIdentityUserName), UserIdentityUserName, tostring(split(UserIdentityArn,'/')[-1]))\n  | extend timestamp = TimeGenerated, IPCustomEntity = SourceIpAddress, AccountCustomEntity = UserIdentityUserName\n",
        "queryFrequency": "P1D",
        "queryPeriod": "P1D",
        "triggerOperator": "GreaterThan",
        "triggerThreshold": 0,
        "suppressionDuration": "PT1H",
        "suppressionEnabled": false,
        "tactics": [
          "PrivilegeEscalation"
        ],
        "techniques": [
          "T1484"
        ],
        "alertRuleTemplateName": "e20d35a3-4fec-4c8b-81b1-fc33b41990b0",
        "customDetails": null,
        "entityMappings": [
          {
            "fieldMappings": [
              {
                "columnName": "AccountCustomEntity",
                "identifier": "FullName"
              }
            ],
            "entityType": "Account"
          },
          {
            "fieldMappings": [
              {
                "columnName": "IPCustomEntity",
                "identifier": "Address"
              }
            ],
            "entityType": "IP"
          }
        ],
        "templateVersion": "1.0.0",
        "status": "Available",
        "OriginalUri": "https://github.com/Azure/Azure-Sentinel/blob/master/Solutions/Amazon Web Services/Analytic Rules/AWS_PrivilegeEscalationViaCRUDIAMPolicy.yaml"
      }
    }
  ]
}