Microsoft Sentinel Analytic Rules
cloudbrothers.infoAzure Sentinel RepoToggle Dark/Light/Auto modeToggle Dark/Light/Auto modeToggle Dark/Light/Auto modeBack to homepage

Match Legitimate Name or Location - 2

Back
Iddd22dc4f-ab7c-4d0a-84ad-cc393638ba31
RulenameMatch Legitimate Name or Location - 2
DescriptionAttackers often match or approximate the name or location of legitimate files to avoid detection rules that are based trust of certain operating system processes.

This query detects mismatches in the parent-child relationship of core operating system processes to uncover different masquerading attempts.
SeverityMedium
TacticsDefenseEvasion
TechniquesT1036.005
Required data connectorsMicrosoftThreatProtection
KindScheduled
Query frequency1h
Query period1h
Trigger threshold0
Trigger operatorgt
Source Urihttps://github.com/Azure/Azure-Sentinel/blob/master/Solutions/FalconFriday/Analytic Rules/MatchLegitimateNameOrLocation.yaml
Version1.0.0
Arm templatedd22dc4f-ab7c-4d0a-84ad-cc393638ba31.json
Deploy To Azure
let ProcessRelations=datatable(ImageFile:string,ExpectedParent:dynamic) [
  "smss.exe", dynamic(["smss.exe", "ntoskrnl.exe", ""]),
  "crmss.exe", dynamic(["smss.exe"]),
  "wininit.exe", dynamic(["smss.exe"]),
  "winlogon.exe", dynamic(["smss.exe"]),
  "services.exe", dynamic(["wininit.exe"]),
  "lsaiso.exe", dynamic(["wininit.exe"]),
  "lsass.exe", dynamic(["wininit.exe"]),
  "spoolsv.exe", dynamic(["services.exe"]),
  "dllhost.exe", dynamic(["svchost.exe", "services.exe"]),
  "lsm.exe", dynamic(["wininit.exe"]),
  "svchost.exe", dynamic(["services.exe", "msmpeng.exe"]),
  "runtimebroker.exe", dynamic(["svchost.exe"]),
  "taskhostw.exe", dynamic(["svchost.exe"]),
  "userinit.exe", dynamic(["winlogon.exe"])
  // Explorer can have a lot of parents in some environments
  //,"explorer.exe", dynamic(["userinit.exe"])
];
DeviceProcessEvents
| extend ImageFile = tostring(tolower(parse_path(tostring(FolderPath)).Filename))
| extend ParentFile = tostring(tolower(parse_path(tostring(InitiatingProcessFolderPath)).Filename))
| lookup kind=inner ProcessRelations on ImageFile
| where not(set_has_element(ExpectedParent,ParentFile))
kind: Scheduled
status: Available
triggerThreshold: 0
relevantTechniques:
- T1036.005
OriginalUri: https://github.com/Azure/Azure-Sentinel/blob/master/Solutions/FalconFriday/Analytic Rules/MatchLegitimateNameOrLocation.yaml
requiredDataConnectors:
- dataTypes:
  - DeviceProcessEvents
  connectorId: MicrosoftThreatProtection
queryPeriod: 1h
tactics:
- DefenseEvasion
severity: Medium
triggerOperator: gt
description: |
  Attackers often match or approximate the name or location of legitimate files to avoid detection rules that are based trust of certain operating system processes.
  This query detects mismatches in the parent-child relationship of core operating system processes to uncover different masquerading attempts.  
query: |
  let ProcessRelations=datatable(ImageFile:string,ExpectedParent:dynamic) [
    "smss.exe", dynamic(["smss.exe", "ntoskrnl.exe", ""]),
    "crmss.exe", dynamic(["smss.exe"]),
    "wininit.exe", dynamic(["smss.exe"]),
    "winlogon.exe", dynamic(["smss.exe"]),
    "services.exe", dynamic(["wininit.exe"]),
    "lsaiso.exe", dynamic(["wininit.exe"]),
    "lsass.exe", dynamic(["wininit.exe"]),
    "spoolsv.exe", dynamic(["services.exe"]),
    "dllhost.exe", dynamic(["svchost.exe", "services.exe"]),
    "lsm.exe", dynamic(["wininit.exe"]),
    "svchost.exe", dynamic(["services.exe", "msmpeng.exe"]),
    "runtimebroker.exe", dynamic(["svchost.exe"]),
    "taskhostw.exe", dynamic(["svchost.exe"]),
    "userinit.exe", dynamic(["winlogon.exe"])
    // Explorer can have a lot of parents in some environments
    //,"explorer.exe", dynamic(["userinit.exe"])
  ];
  DeviceProcessEvents
  | extend ImageFile = tostring(tolower(parse_path(tostring(FolderPath)).Filename))
  | extend ParentFile = tostring(tolower(parse_path(tostring(InitiatingProcessFolderPath)).Filename))
  | lookup kind=inner ProcessRelations on ImageFile
  | where not(set_has_element(ExpectedParent,ParentFile))  
name: Match Legitimate Name or Location - 2
version: 1.0.0
id: dd22dc4f-ab7c-4d0a-84ad-cc393638ba31
queryFrequency: 1h
entityMappings:
- entityType: Host
  fieldMappings:
  - columnName: DeviceName
    identifier: FullName
- entityType: Account
  fieldMappings:
  - columnName: AccountSid
    identifier: Sid
  - columnName: AccountName
    identifier: Name
  - columnName: AccountDomain
    identifier: NTDomain
- entityType: Process
  fieldMappings:
  - columnName: ProcessCommandLine
    identifier: CommandLine
{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/2019-04-01/deploymentTemplate.json#",
  "contentVersion": "1.0.0.0",
  "parameters": {
    "workspace": {
      "type": "String"
    }
  },
  "resources": [
    {
      "apiVersion": "2023-02-01-preview",
      "id": "[concat(resourceId('Microsoft.OperationalInsights/workspaces/providers', parameters('workspace'), 'Microsoft.SecurityInsights'),'/alertRules/dd22dc4f-ab7c-4d0a-84ad-cc393638ba31')]",
      "kind": "Scheduled",
      "name": "[concat(parameters('workspace'),'/Microsoft.SecurityInsights/dd22dc4f-ab7c-4d0a-84ad-cc393638ba31')]",
      "properties": {
        "alertRuleTemplateName": "dd22dc4f-ab7c-4d0a-84ad-cc393638ba31",
        "customDetails": null,
        "description": "Attackers often match or approximate the name or location of legitimate files to avoid detection rules that are based trust of certain operating system processes.\nThis query detects mismatches in the parent-child relationship of core operating system processes to uncover different masquerading attempts.\n",
        "displayName": "Match Legitimate Name or Location - 2",
        "enabled": true,
        "entityMappings": [
          {
            "entityType": "Host",
            "fieldMappings": [
              {
                "columnName": "DeviceName",
                "identifier": "FullName"
              }
            ]
          },
          {
            "entityType": "Account",
            "fieldMappings": [
              {
                "columnName": "AccountSid",
                "identifier": "Sid"
              },
              {
                "columnName": "AccountName",
                "identifier": "Name"
              },
              {
                "columnName": "AccountDomain",
                "identifier": "NTDomain"
              }
            ]
          },
          {
            "entityType": "Process",
            "fieldMappings": [
              {
                "columnName": "ProcessCommandLine",
                "identifier": "CommandLine"
              }
            ]
          }
        ],
        "OriginalUri": "https://github.com/Azure/Azure-Sentinel/blob/master/Solutions/FalconFriday/Analytic Rules/MatchLegitimateNameOrLocation.yaml",
        "query": "let ProcessRelations=datatable(ImageFile:string,ExpectedParent:dynamic) [\n  \"smss.exe\", dynamic([\"smss.exe\", \"ntoskrnl.exe\", \"\"]),\n  \"crmss.exe\", dynamic([\"smss.exe\"]),\n  \"wininit.exe\", dynamic([\"smss.exe\"]),\n  \"winlogon.exe\", dynamic([\"smss.exe\"]),\n  \"services.exe\", dynamic([\"wininit.exe\"]),\n  \"lsaiso.exe\", dynamic([\"wininit.exe\"]),\n  \"lsass.exe\", dynamic([\"wininit.exe\"]),\n  \"spoolsv.exe\", dynamic([\"services.exe\"]),\n  \"dllhost.exe\", dynamic([\"svchost.exe\", \"services.exe\"]),\n  \"lsm.exe\", dynamic([\"wininit.exe\"]),\n  \"svchost.exe\", dynamic([\"services.exe\", \"msmpeng.exe\"]),\n  \"runtimebroker.exe\", dynamic([\"svchost.exe\"]),\n  \"taskhostw.exe\", dynamic([\"svchost.exe\"]),\n  \"userinit.exe\", dynamic([\"winlogon.exe\"])\n  // Explorer can have a lot of parents in some environments\n  //,\"explorer.exe\", dynamic([\"userinit.exe\"])\n];\nDeviceProcessEvents\n| extend ImageFile = tostring(tolower(parse_path(tostring(FolderPath)).Filename))\n| extend ParentFile = tostring(tolower(parse_path(tostring(InitiatingProcessFolderPath)).Filename))\n| lookup kind=inner ProcessRelations on ImageFile\n| where not(set_has_element(ExpectedParent,ParentFile))\n",
        "queryFrequency": "PT1H",
        "queryPeriod": "PT1H",
        "severity": "Medium",
        "status": "Available",
        "suppressionDuration": "PT1H",
        "suppressionEnabled": false,
        "tactics": [
          "DefenseEvasion"
        ],
        "techniques": [
          "T1036"
        ],
        "templateVersion": "1.0.0",
        "triggerOperator": "GreaterThan",
        "triggerThreshold": 0
      },
      "type": "Microsoft.OperationalInsights/workspaces/providers/alertRules"
    }
  ]
}