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NRT Malicious Inbox Rule

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Idb79f6190-d104-4691-b7db-823e05980895
RulenameNRT Malicious Inbox Rule
DescriptionOften times after the initial compromise the attackers create inbox rules to delete emails that contain certain keywords.

This is done so as to limit ability to warn compromised users that they’ve been compromised. Below is a sample query that tries to detect this.

Reference: https://www.reddit.com/r/sysadmin/comments/7kyp0a/recent_phishing_attempts_my_experience_and_what/
SeverityMedium
TacticsPersistence
DefenseEvasion
TechniquesT1098
T1078
Required data connectorsOffice365
KindNRT
Source Urihttps://github.com/Azure/Azure-Sentinel/blob/master/Detections/OfficeActivity/NRT_Malicious_Inbox_Rule.yaml
Version1.0.2
Arm templateb79f6190-d104-4691-b7db-823e05980895.json
Deploy To Azure
let Keywords = dynamic(["helpdesk", " alert", " suspicious", "fake", "malicious", "phishing", "spam", "do not click", "do not open", "hijacked", "Fatal"]);
OfficeActivity
| where OfficeWorkload =~ "Exchange"
| where Parameters has "Deleted Items" or Parameters has "Junk Email"  or Parameters has "DeleteMessage"
| extend Events=todynamic(Parameters)
| parse Events  with * "SubjectContainsWords" SubjectContainsWords '}'*
| parse Events  with * "BodyContainsWords" BodyContainsWords '}'*
| parse Events  with * "SubjectOrBodyContainsWords" SubjectOrBodyContainsWords '}'*
| where SubjectContainsWords has_any (Keywords)
 or BodyContainsWords has_any (Keywords)
 or SubjectOrBodyContainsWords has_any (Keywords)
| extend ClientIPAddress = case( ClientIP has ".", tostring(split(ClientIP,":")[0]), ClientIP has "[", tostring(trim_start(@'[[]',tostring(split(ClientIP,"]")[0]))), ClientIP )
| extend Keyword = iff(isnotempty(SubjectContainsWords), SubjectContainsWords, (iff(isnotempty(BodyContainsWords),BodyContainsWords,SubjectOrBodyContainsWords )))
| extend RuleDetail = case(OfficeObjectId contains '/' , tostring(split(OfficeObjectId, '/')[-1]) , tostring(split(OfficeObjectId, '\\')[-1]))
| summarize count(), StartTimeUtc = min(TimeGenerated), EndTimeUtc = max(TimeGenerated) by  UserId, ClientIPAddress, ResultStatus, Keyword, OriginatingServer, OfficeObjectId, RuleDetail
name: NRT Malicious Inbox Rule
relevantTechniques:
- T1098
- T1078
query: |
  let Keywords = dynamic(["helpdesk", " alert", " suspicious", "fake", "malicious", "phishing", "spam", "do not click", "do not open", "hijacked", "Fatal"]);
  OfficeActivity
  | where OfficeWorkload =~ "Exchange"
  | where Parameters has "Deleted Items" or Parameters has "Junk Email"  or Parameters has "DeleteMessage"
  | extend Events=todynamic(Parameters)
  | parse Events  with * "SubjectContainsWords" SubjectContainsWords '}'*
  | parse Events  with * "BodyContainsWords" BodyContainsWords '}'*
  | parse Events  with * "SubjectOrBodyContainsWords" SubjectOrBodyContainsWords '}'*
  | where SubjectContainsWords has_any (Keywords)
   or BodyContainsWords has_any (Keywords)
   or SubjectOrBodyContainsWords has_any (Keywords)
  | extend ClientIPAddress = case( ClientIP has ".", tostring(split(ClientIP,":")[0]), ClientIP has "[", tostring(trim_start(@'[[]',tostring(split(ClientIP,"]")[0]))), ClientIP )
  | extend Keyword = iff(isnotempty(SubjectContainsWords), SubjectContainsWords, (iff(isnotempty(BodyContainsWords),BodyContainsWords,SubjectOrBodyContainsWords )))
  | extend RuleDetail = case(OfficeObjectId contains '/' , tostring(split(OfficeObjectId, '/')[-1]) , tostring(split(OfficeObjectId, '\\')[-1]))
  | summarize count(), StartTimeUtc = min(TimeGenerated), EndTimeUtc = max(TimeGenerated) by  UserId, ClientIPAddress, ResultStatus, Keyword, OriginatingServer, OfficeObjectId, RuleDetail  
OriginalUri: https://github.com/Azure/Azure-Sentinel/blob/master/Detections/OfficeActivity/NRT_Malicious_Inbox_Rule.yaml
description: |
  'Often times after the initial compromise the attackers create inbox rules to delete emails that contain certain keywords.
   This is done so as to limit ability to warn compromised users that they've been compromised. Below is a sample query that tries to detect this.
  Reference: https://www.reddit.com/r/sysadmin/comments/7kyp0a/recent_phishing_attempts_my_experience_and_what/'  
version: 1.0.2
id: b79f6190-d104-4691-b7db-823e05980895
kind: NRT
metadata:
  source:
    kind: Community
  categories:
    domains:
    - Security - Threat Protection
  author:
    name: Pete Bryan
  support:
    tier: Community
entityMappings:
- fieldMappings:
  - identifier: FullName
    columnName: UserId
  entityType: Account
- fieldMappings:
  - identifier: FullName
    columnName: OriginatingServer
  entityType: Host
- fieldMappings:
  - identifier: Address
    columnName: ClientIPAddress
  entityType: IP
severity: Medium
requiredDataConnectors:
- dataTypes:
  - OfficeActivity
  connectorId: Office365
tactics:
- Persistence
- DefenseEvasion
{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/2019-04-01/deploymentTemplate.json#",
  "contentVersion": "1.0.0.0",
  "parameters": {
    "workspace": {
      "type": "String"
    }
  },
  "resources": [
    {
      "apiVersion": "2023-02-01-preview",
      "id": "[concat(resourceId('Microsoft.OperationalInsights/workspaces/providers', parameters('workspace'), 'Microsoft.SecurityInsights'),'/alertRules/b79f6190-d104-4691-b7db-823e05980895')]",
      "kind": "NRT",
      "name": "[concat(parameters('workspace'),'/Microsoft.SecurityInsights/b79f6190-d104-4691-b7db-823e05980895')]",
      "properties": {
        "alertRuleTemplateName": "b79f6190-d104-4691-b7db-823e05980895",
        "customDetails": null,
        "description": "'Often times after the initial compromise the attackers create inbox rules to delete emails that contain certain keywords.\n This is done so as to limit ability to warn compromised users that they've been compromised. Below is a sample query that tries to detect this.\nReference: https://www.reddit.com/r/sysadmin/comments/7kyp0a/recent_phishing_attempts_my_experience_and_what/'\n",
        "displayName": "NRT Malicious Inbox Rule",
        "enabled": true,
        "entityMappings": [
          {
            "entityType": "Account",
            "fieldMappings": [
              {
                "columnName": "UserId",
                "identifier": "FullName"
              }
            ]
          },
          {
            "entityType": "Host",
            "fieldMappings": [
              {
                "columnName": "OriginatingServer",
                "identifier": "FullName"
              }
            ]
          },
          {
            "entityType": "IP",
            "fieldMappings": [
              {
                "columnName": "ClientIPAddress",
                "identifier": "Address"
              }
            ]
          }
        ],
        "OriginalUri": "https://github.com/Azure/Azure-Sentinel/blob/master/Detections/OfficeActivity/NRT_Malicious_Inbox_Rule.yaml",
        "query": "let Keywords = dynamic([\"helpdesk\", \" alert\", \" suspicious\", \"fake\", \"malicious\", \"phishing\", \"spam\", \"do not click\", \"do not open\", \"hijacked\", \"Fatal\"]);\nOfficeActivity\n| where OfficeWorkload =~ \"Exchange\"\n| where Parameters has \"Deleted Items\" or Parameters has \"Junk Email\"  or Parameters has \"DeleteMessage\"\n| extend Events=todynamic(Parameters)\n| parse Events  with * \"SubjectContainsWords\" SubjectContainsWords '}'*\n| parse Events  with * \"BodyContainsWords\" BodyContainsWords '}'*\n| parse Events  with * \"SubjectOrBodyContainsWords\" SubjectOrBodyContainsWords '}'*\n| where SubjectContainsWords has_any (Keywords)\n or BodyContainsWords has_any (Keywords)\n or SubjectOrBodyContainsWords has_any (Keywords)\n| extend ClientIPAddress = case( ClientIP has \".\", tostring(split(ClientIP,\":\")[0]), ClientIP has \"[\", tostring(trim_start(@'[[]',tostring(split(ClientIP,\"]\")[0]))), ClientIP )\n| extend Keyword = iff(isnotempty(SubjectContainsWords), SubjectContainsWords, (iff(isnotempty(BodyContainsWords),BodyContainsWords,SubjectOrBodyContainsWords )))\n| extend RuleDetail = case(OfficeObjectId contains '/' , tostring(split(OfficeObjectId, '/')[-1]) , tostring(split(OfficeObjectId, '\\\\')[-1]))\n| summarize count(), StartTimeUtc = min(TimeGenerated), EndTimeUtc = max(TimeGenerated) by  UserId, ClientIPAddress, ResultStatus, Keyword, OriginatingServer, OfficeObjectId, RuleDetail\n",
        "severity": "Medium",
        "suppressionDuration": "PT1H",
        "suppressionEnabled": false,
        "tactics": [
          "DefenseEvasion",
          "Persistence"
        ],
        "techniques": [
          "T1078",
          "T1098"
        ],
        "templateVersion": "1.0.2"
      },
      "type": "Microsoft.OperationalInsights/workspaces/providers/alertRules"
    }
  ]
}