Microsoft Sentinel Analytic Rules
cloudbrothers.infoAzure Sentinel RepoToggle Dark/Light/Auto modeToggle Dark/Light/Auto modeToggle Dark/Light/Auto modeBack to homepage

Service Principal Name SPN Assigned to User Account

Back
Id875d0eb1-883a-4191-bd0e-dbfdeb95a464
RulenameService Principal Name (SPN) Assigned to User Account
DescriptionThis query identifies whether an Active Directory user object was assigned a service principal name which could indicate that an adversary is preparing for performing Kerberoasting.

This query checks for event id 5136, that the Object Class field is “user” and the LDAP Display Name is “servicePrincipalName”.

Ref: https://thevivi.net/assets/docs/2019/theVIVI-AD-Security-Workshop_AfricaHackon2019.pdf
SeverityMedium
TacticsPrivilegeEscalation
TechniquesT1134
Required data connectorsSecurityEvents
KindScheduled
Query frequency1h
Query period1h
Trigger threshold0
Trigger operatorgt
Source Urihttps://github.com/Azure/Azure-Sentinel/blob/master/Detections/SecurityEvent/UserPrincipalNameAssignedToUserAccount.yaml
Version1.0.4
Arm template875d0eb1-883a-4191-bd0e-dbfdeb95a464.json
Deploy To Azure
SecurityEvent
| where EventID == 5136 
| parse EventData with * 'AttributeLDAPDisplayName">' AttributeLDAPDisplayName "<" *
| parse EventData with * 'ObjectClass">' ObjectClass "<" *
| where AttributeLDAPDisplayName == "servicePrincipalName" and  ObjectClass == "user"
| parse EventData with * 'ObjectDN">' ObjectDN "<" *
| parse EventData with * 'AttributeValue">' AttributeValue "<" *
| summarize StartTime = min(TimeGenerated), EndTime = max(TimeGenerated) by Computer, SubjectAccount, ObjectDN, AttributeValue, SubjectUserName, SubjectDomainName, SubjectUserSid
| extend HostName = tostring(split(Computer, ".")[0]), DomainIndex = toint(indexof(Computer, '.'))
| extend HostNameDomain = iff(DomainIndex != -1, substring(Computer, DomainIndex + 1), Computer)
| project-away DomainIndex
triggerOperator: gt
tactics:
- PrivilegeEscalation
queryPeriod: 1h
kind: Scheduled
relevantTechniques:
- T1134
OriginalUri: https://github.com/Azure/Azure-Sentinel/blob/master/Detections/SecurityEvent/UserPrincipalNameAssignedToUserAccount.yaml
queryFrequency: 1h
description: |
  'This query identifies whether an Active Directory user object was assigned a service principal name which could indicate that an adversary is preparing for performing Kerberoasting. 
  This query checks for event id 5136, that the Object Class field is "user" and the LDAP Display Name is "servicePrincipalName".
  Ref: https://thevivi.net/assets/docs/2019/theVIVI-AD-Security-Workshop_AfricaHackon2019.pdf'  
requiredDataConnectors:
- dataTypes:
  - SecurityEvent
  connectorId: SecurityEvents
version: 1.0.4
triggerThreshold: 0
severity: Medium
metadata:
  author:
    name: Vasileios Paschalidis
  categories:
    domains:
    - Security - Others
    - Identity
  source:
    kind: Community
  support:
    tier: Community
id: 875d0eb1-883a-4191-bd0e-dbfdeb95a464
entityMappings:
- entityType: Account
  fieldMappings:
  - columnName: SubjectAccount
    identifier: FullName
  - columnName: SubjectUserName
    identifier: Name
  - columnName: SubjectDomainName
    identifier: NTDomain
- entityType: Account
  fieldMappings:
  - columnName: SubjectUserSid
    identifier: Sid
- entityType: Host
  fieldMappings:
  - columnName: Computer
    identifier: FullName
  - columnName: HostName
    identifier: HostName
  - columnName: HostNameDomain
    identifier: NTDomain
name: Service Principal Name (SPN) Assigned to User Account
query: |
  SecurityEvent
  | where EventID == 5136 
  | parse EventData with * 'AttributeLDAPDisplayName">' AttributeLDAPDisplayName "<" *
  | parse EventData with * 'ObjectClass">' ObjectClass "<" *
  | where AttributeLDAPDisplayName == "servicePrincipalName" and  ObjectClass == "user"
  | parse EventData with * 'ObjectDN">' ObjectDN "<" *
  | parse EventData with * 'AttributeValue">' AttributeValue "<" *
  | summarize StartTime = min(TimeGenerated), EndTime = max(TimeGenerated) by Computer, SubjectAccount, ObjectDN, AttributeValue, SubjectUserName, SubjectDomainName, SubjectUserSid
  | extend HostName = tostring(split(Computer, ".")[0]), DomainIndex = toint(indexof(Computer, '.'))
  | extend HostNameDomain = iff(DomainIndex != -1, substring(Computer, DomainIndex + 1), Computer)
  | project-away DomainIndex  
{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/2019-04-01/deploymentTemplate.json#",
  "contentVersion": "1.0.0.0",
  "parameters": {
    "workspace": {
      "type": "String"
    }
  },
  "resources": [
    {
      "apiVersion": "2023-02-01-preview",
      "id": "[concat(resourceId('Microsoft.OperationalInsights/workspaces/providers', parameters('workspace'), 'Microsoft.SecurityInsights'),'/alertRules/875d0eb1-883a-4191-bd0e-dbfdeb95a464')]",
      "kind": "Scheduled",
      "name": "[concat(parameters('workspace'),'/Microsoft.SecurityInsights/875d0eb1-883a-4191-bd0e-dbfdeb95a464')]",
      "properties": {
        "alertRuleTemplateName": "875d0eb1-883a-4191-bd0e-dbfdeb95a464",
        "customDetails": null,
        "description": "'This query identifies whether an Active Directory user object was assigned a service principal name which could indicate that an adversary is preparing for performing Kerberoasting. \nThis query checks for event id 5136, that the Object Class field is \"user\" and the LDAP Display Name is \"servicePrincipalName\".\nRef: https://thevivi.net/assets/docs/2019/theVIVI-AD-Security-Workshop_AfricaHackon2019.pdf'\n",
        "displayName": "Service Principal Name (SPN) Assigned to User Account",
        "enabled": true,
        "entityMappings": [
          {
            "entityType": "Account",
            "fieldMappings": [
              {
                "columnName": "SubjectAccount",
                "identifier": "FullName"
              },
              {
                "columnName": "SubjectUserName",
                "identifier": "Name"
              },
              {
                "columnName": "SubjectDomainName",
                "identifier": "NTDomain"
              }
            ]
          },
          {
            "entityType": "Account",
            "fieldMappings": [
              {
                "columnName": "SubjectUserSid",
                "identifier": "Sid"
              }
            ]
          },
          {
            "entityType": "Host",
            "fieldMappings": [
              {
                "columnName": "Computer",
                "identifier": "FullName"
              },
              {
                "columnName": "HostName",
                "identifier": "HostName"
              },
              {
                "columnName": "HostNameDomain",
                "identifier": "NTDomain"
              }
            ]
          }
        ],
        "OriginalUri": "https://github.com/Azure/Azure-Sentinel/blob/master/Detections/SecurityEvent/UserPrincipalNameAssignedToUserAccount.yaml",
        "query": "SecurityEvent\n| where EventID == 5136 \n| parse EventData with * 'AttributeLDAPDisplayName\">' AttributeLDAPDisplayName \"<\" *\n| parse EventData with * 'ObjectClass\">' ObjectClass \"<\" *\n| where AttributeLDAPDisplayName == \"servicePrincipalName\" and  ObjectClass == \"user\"\n| parse EventData with * 'ObjectDN\">' ObjectDN \"<\" *\n| parse EventData with * 'AttributeValue\">' AttributeValue \"<\" *\n| summarize StartTime = min(TimeGenerated), EndTime = max(TimeGenerated) by Computer, SubjectAccount, ObjectDN, AttributeValue, SubjectUserName, SubjectDomainName, SubjectUserSid\n| extend HostName = tostring(split(Computer, \".\")[0]), DomainIndex = toint(indexof(Computer, '.'))\n| extend HostNameDomain = iff(DomainIndex != -1, substring(Computer, DomainIndex + 1), Computer)\n| project-away DomainIndex\n",
        "queryFrequency": "PT1H",
        "queryPeriod": "PT1H",
        "severity": "Medium",
        "suppressionDuration": "PT1H",
        "suppressionEnabled": false,
        "tactics": [
          "PrivilegeEscalation"
        ],
        "techniques": [
          "T1134"
        ],
        "templateVersion": "1.0.4",
        "triggerOperator": "GreaterThan",
        "triggerThreshold": 0
      },
      "type": "Microsoft.OperationalInsights/workspaces/providers/alertRules"
    }
  ]
}