Microsoft Sentinel Analytic Rules
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Multiple users email forwarded to same destination

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Id871ba14c-88ef-48aa-ad38-810f26760ca3
RulenameMultiple users email forwarded to same destination
DescriptionIdentifies when multiple (more than one) users mailboxes are configured to forward to the same destination.

This could be an attacker-controlled destination mailbox configured to collect mail from multiple compromised user accounts.
SeverityMedium
TacticsCollection
Exfiltration
TechniquesT1114
T1020
Required data connectorsOffice365
KindScheduled
Query frequency1d
Query period7d
Trigger threshold0
Trigger operatorgt
Source Urihttps://github.com/Azure/Azure-Sentinel/blob/master/Solutions/Microsoft 365/Analytic Rules/Office_MailForwarding.yaml
Version2.0.2
Arm template871ba14c-88ef-48aa-ad38-810f26760ca3.json
Deploy To Azure
let queryfrequency = 1d;
let queryperiod = 7d;
OfficeActivity
| where TimeGenerated > ago(queryperiod)
| where OfficeWorkload =~ "Exchange"
//| where Operation in ("Set-Mailbox", "New-InboxRule", "Set-InboxRule")
| where Parameters has_any ("ForwardTo", "RedirectTo", "ForwardingSmtpAddress")
| mv-apply DynamicParameters = todynamic(Parameters) on (summarize ParsedParameters = make_bag(bag_pack(tostring(DynamicParameters.Name), DynamicParameters.Value)))
| evaluate bag_unpack(ParsedParameters, columnsConflict='replace_source')
| extend DestinationMailAddress = tolower(case(
    isnotempty(column_ifexists("ForwardTo", "")), column_ifexists("ForwardTo", ""),
    isnotempty(column_ifexists("RedirectTo", "")), column_ifexists("RedirectTo", ""),
    isnotempty(column_ifexists("ForwardingSmtpAddress", "")), trim_start(@"smtp:", column_ifexists("ForwardingSmtpAddress", "")),
    ""))
| where isnotempty(DestinationMailAddress)
| mv-expand split(DestinationMailAddress, ";")
| extend ClientIPValues = extract_all(@'\[?(::ffff:)?(?P<IPAddress>(\d+\.\d+\.\d+\.\d+)|[^\]]+)\]?([-:](?P<Port>\d+))?', dynamic(["IPAddress", "Port"]), ClientIP)[0]
| extend ClientIP = tostring(ClientIPValues[0]), Port = tostring(ClientIPValues[1])
| summarize StartTime = min(TimeGenerated), EndTime = max(TimeGenerated), DistinctUserCount = dcount(UserId), UserId = make_set(UserId, 250), Ports = make_set(Port, 250), EventCount = count() by tostring(DestinationMailAddress), ClientIP
| where DistinctUserCount > 1 and EndTime > ago(queryfrequency)
| mv-expand UserId to typeof(string)
| extend AccountName = tostring(split(UserId, "@")[0]), AccountUPNSuffix = tostring(split(UserId, "@")[1])
kind: Scheduled
status: Available
triggerThreshold: 0
relevantTechniques:
- T1114
- T1020
OriginalUri: https://github.com/Azure/Azure-Sentinel/blob/master/Solutions/Microsoft 365/Analytic Rules/Office_MailForwarding.yaml
requiredDataConnectors:
- dataTypes:
  - OfficeActivity (Exchange)
  connectorId: Office365
queryPeriod: 7d
tactics:
- Collection
- Exfiltration
severity: Medium
triggerOperator: gt
description: |
  'Identifies when multiple (more than one) users mailboxes are configured to forward to the same destination. 
  This could be an attacker-controlled destination mailbox configured to collect mail from multiple compromised user accounts.'  
query: |
  let queryfrequency = 1d;
  let queryperiod = 7d;
  OfficeActivity
  | where TimeGenerated > ago(queryperiod)
  | where OfficeWorkload =~ "Exchange"
  //| where Operation in ("Set-Mailbox", "New-InboxRule", "Set-InboxRule")
  | where Parameters has_any ("ForwardTo", "RedirectTo", "ForwardingSmtpAddress")
  | mv-apply DynamicParameters = todynamic(Parameters) on (summarize ParsedParameters = make_bag(bag_pack(tostring(DynamicParameters.Name), DynamicParameters.Value)))
  | evaluate bag_unpack(ParsedParameters, columnsConflict='replace_source')
  | extend DestinationMailAddress = tolower(case(
      isnotempty(column_ifexists("ForwardTo", "")), column_ifexists("ForwardTo", ""),
      isnotempty(column_ifexists("RedirectTo", "")), column_ifexists("RedirectTo", ""),
      isnotempty(column_ifexists("ForwardingSmtpAddress", "")), trim_start(@"smtp:", column_ifexists("ForwardingSmtpAddress", "")),
      ""))
  | where isnotempty(DestinationMailAddress)
  | mv-expand split(DestinationMailAddress, ";")
  | extend ClientIPValues = extract_all(@'\[?(::ffff:)?(?P<IPAddress>(\d+\.\d+\.\d+\.\d+)|[^\]]+)\]?([-:](?P<Port>\d+))?', dynamic(["IPAddress", "Port"]), ClientIP)[0]
  | extend ClientIP = tostring(ClientIPValues[0]), Port = tostring(ClientIPValues[1])
  | summarize StartTime = min(TimeGenerated), EndTime = max(TimeGenerated), DistinctUserCount = dcount(UserId), UserId = make_set(UserId, 250), Ports = make_set(Port, 250), EventCount = count() by tostring(DestinationMailAddress), ClientIP
  | where DistinctUserCount > 1 and EndTime > ago(queryfrequency)
  | mv-expand UserId to typeof(string)
  | extend AccountName = tostring(split(UserId, "@")[0]), AccountUPNSuffix = tostring(split(UserId, "@")[1])  
name: Multiple users email forwarded to same destination
version: 2.0.2
id: 871ba14c-88ef-48aa-ad38-810f26760ca3
queryFrequency: 1d
entityMappings:
- entityType: Account
  fieldMappings:
  - columnName: AccountName
    identifier: Name
  - columnName: AccountUPNSuffix
    identifier: UPNSuffix
- entityType: IP
  fieldMappings:
  - columnName: ClientIP
    identifier: Address
{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/2019-04-01/deploymentTemplate.json#",
  "contentVersion": "1.0.0.0",
  "parameters": {
    "workspace": {
      "type": "String"
    }
  },
  "resources": [
    {
      "apiVersion": "2023-02-01-preview",
      "id": "[concat(resourceId('Microsoft.OperationalInsights/workspaces/providers', parameters('workspace'), 'Microsoft.SecurityInsights'),'/alertRules/871ba14c-88ef-48aa-ad38-810f26760ca3')]",
      "kind": "Scheduled",
      "name": "[concat(parameters('workspace'),'/Microsoft.SecurityInsights/871ba14c-88ef-48aa-ad38-810f26760ca3')]",
      "properties": {
        "alertRuleTemplateName": "871ba14c-88ef-48aa-ad38-810f26760ca3",
        "customDetails": null,
        "description": "'Identifies when multiple (more than one) users mailboxes are configured to forward to the same destination. \nThis could be an attacker-controlled destination mailbox configured to collect mail from multiple compromised user accounts.'\n",
        "displayName": "Multiple users email forwarded to same destination",
        "enabled": true,
        "entityMappings": [
          {
            "entityType": "Account",
            "fieldMappings": [
              {
                "columnName": "AccountName",
                "identifier": "Name"
              },
              {
                "columnName": "AccountUPNSuffix",
                "identifier": "UPNSuffix"
              }
            ]
          },
          {
            "entityType": "IP",
            "fieldMappings": [
              {
                "columnName": "ClientIP",
                "identifier": "Address"
              }
            ]
          }
        ],
        "OriginalUri": "https://github.com/Azure/Azure-Sentinel/blob/master/Solutions/Microsoft 365/Analytic Rules/Office_MailForwarding.yaml",
        "query": "let queryfrequency = 1d;\nlet queryperiod = 7d;\nOfficeActivity\n| where TimeGenerated > ago(queryperiod)\n| where OfficeWorkload =~ \"Exchange\"\n//| where Operation in (\"Set-Mailbox\", \"New-InboxRule\", \"Set-InboxRule\")\n| where Parameters has_any (\"ForwardTo\", \"RedirectTo\", \"ForwardingSmtpAddress\")\n| mv-apply DynamicParameters = todynamic(Parameters) on (summarize ParsedParameters = make_bag(bag_pack(tostring(DynamicParameters.Name), DynamicParameters.Value)))\n| evaluate bag_unpack(ParsedParameters, columnsConflict='replace_source')\n| extend DestinationMailAddress = tolower(case(\n    isnotempty(column_ifexists(\"ForwardTo\", \"\")), column_ifexists(\"ForwardTo\", \"\"),\n    isnotempty(column_ifexists(\"RedirectTo\", \"\")), column_ifexists(\"RedirectTo\", \"\"),\n    isnotempty(column_ifexists(\"ForwardingSmtpAddress\", \"\")), trim_start(@\"smtp:\", column_ifexists(\"ForwardingSmtpAddress\", \"\")),\n    \"\"))\n| where isnotempty(DestinationMailAddress)\n| mv-expand split(DestinationMailAddress, \";\")\n| extend ClientIPValues = extract_all(@'\\[?(::ffff:)?(?P<IPAddress>(\\d+\\.\\d+\\.\\d+\\.\\d+)|[^\\]]+)\\]?([-:](?P<Port>\\d+))?', dynamic([\"IPAddress\", \"Port\"]), ClientIP)[0]\n| extend ClientIP = tostring(ClientIPValues[0]), Port = tostring(ClientIPValues[1])\n| summarize StartTime = min(TimeGenerated), EndTime = max(TimeGenerated), DistinctUserCount = dcount(UserId), UserId = make_set(UserId, 250), Ports = make_set(Port, 250), EventCount = count() by tostring(DestinationMailAddress), ClientIP\n| where DistinctUserCount > 1 and EndTime > ago(queryfrequency)\n| mv-expand UserId to typeof(string)\n| extend AccountName = tostring(split(UserId, \"@\")[0]), AccountUPNSuffix = tostring(split(UserId, \"@\")[1])\n",
        "queryFrequency": "P1D",
        "queryPeriod": "P7D",
        "severity": "Medium",
        "status": "Available",
        "suppressionDuration": "PT1H",
        "suppressionEnabled": false,
        "tactics": [
          "Collection",
          "Exfiltration"
        ],
        "techniques": [
          "T1020",
          "T1114"
        ],
        "templateVersion": "2.0.2",
        "triggerOperator": "GreaterThan",
        "triggerThreshold": 0
      },
      "type": "Microsoft.OperationalInsights/workspaces/providers/alertRules"
    }
  ]
}