Microsoft Sentinel Analytic Rules
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Changes to AWS Security Group ingress and egress settings

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Id4f19d4e3-ec5f-4abc-9e61-819eb131758c
RulenameChanges to AWS Security Group ingress and egress settings
DescriptionA Security Group acts as a virtual firewall of an instance to control inbound and outbound traffic.

Hence, ingress and egress settings changes to AWS Security Group should be monitored as these can expose the enviornment to new attack vectors.

More information: https://medium.com/@GorillaStack/the-most-important-aws-cloudtrail-security-events-to-track-a5b9873f8255.
SeverityLow
TacticsPersistence
TechniquesT1098
Required data connectorsAWS
AWSS3
KindScheduled
Query frequency1d
Query period1d
Trigger threshold0
Trigger operatorgt
Source Urihttps://github.com/Azure/Azure-Sentinel/blob/master/Solutions/Amazon Web Services/Analytic Rules/AWS_IngressEgressSecurityGroupChange.yaml
Version1.0.3
Arm template4f19d4e3-ec5f-4abc-9e61-819eb131758c.json
Deploy To Azure
let EventNameList = dynamic([ "AuthorizeSecurityGroupEgress", "AuthorizeSecurityGroupIngress", "RevokeSecurityGroupEgress", "RevokeSecurityGroupIngress"]);
AWSCloudTrail
| where EventName in~ (EventNameList)
| extend UserIdentityArn = iif(isempty(UserIdentityArn), tostring(parse_json(Resources)[0].ARN), UserIdentityArn)
| extend UserName = tostring(split(UserIdentityArn, '/')[-1])
| extend AccountName = case( UserIdentityPrincipalid == "Anonymous", "Anonymous", isempty(UserIdentityUserName), UserName, UserIdentityUserName)
| extend AccountName = iif(AccountName contains "@", tostring(split(AccountName, '@', 0)[0]), AccountName),
  AccountUPNSuffix = iif(AccountName contains "@", tostring(split(AccountName, '@', 1)[0]), "")
| summarize EventCount=count(), StartTimeUtc = min(TimeGenerated), EndTimeUtc = max(TimeGenerated)
by EventSource, EventName, UserIdentityType, RecipientAccountId, AccountName, AccountUPNSuffix, SourceIpAddress, UserAgent, SessionMfaAuthenticated, AWSRegion,
AdditionalEventData, UserIdentityAccountId, UserIdentityPrincipalid, ResponseElements
| extend timestamp = StartTimeUtc
id: 4f19d4e3-ec5f-4abc-9e61-819eb131758c
name: Changes to AWS Security Group ingress and egress settings
triggerOperator: gt
status: Available
query: |
  let EventNameList = dynamic([ "AuthorizeSecurityGroupEgress", "AuthorizeSecurityGroupIngress", "RevokeSecurityGroupEgress", "RevokeSecurityGroupIngress"]);
  AWSCloudTrail
  | where EventName in~ (EventNameList)
  | extend UserIdentityArn = iif(isempty(UserIdentityArn), tostring(parse_json(Resources)[0].ARN), UserIdentityArn)
  | extend UserName = tostring(split(UserIdentityArn, '/')[-1])
  | extend AccountName = case( UserIdentityPrincipalid == "Anonymous", "Anonymous", isempty(UserIdentityUserName), UserName, UserIdentityUserName)
  | extend AccountName = iif(AccountName contains "@", tostring(split(AccountName, '@', 0)[0]), AccountName),
    AccountUPNSuffix = iif(AccountName contains "@", tostring(split(AccountName, '@', 1)[0]), "")
  | summarize EventCount=count(), StartTimeUtc = min(TimeGenerated), EndTimeUtc = max(TimeGenerated)
  by EventSource, EventName, UserIdentityType, RecipientAccountId, AccountName, AccountUPNSuffix, SourceIpAddress, UserAgent, SessionMfaAuthenticated, AWSRegion,
  AdditionalEventData, UserIdentityAccountId, UserIdentityPrincipalid, ResponseElements
  | extend timestamp = StartTimeUtc  
queryPeriod: 1d
requiredDataConnectors:
- connectorId: AWS
  dataTypes:
  - AWSCloudTrail
- connectorId: AWSS3
  dataTypes:
  - AWSCloudTrail
severity: Low
queryFrequency: 1d
relevantTechniques:
- T1098
version: 1.0.3
kind: Scheduled
tactics:
- Persistence
triggerThreshold: 0
OriginalUri: https://github.com/Azure/Azure-Sentinel/blob/master/Solutions/Amazon Web Services/Analytic Rules/AWS_IngressEgressSecurityGroupChange.yaml
entityMappings:
- fieldMappings:
  - identifier: Name
    columnName: AccountName
  - identifier: UPNSuffix
    columnName: AccountUPNSuffix
  - identifier: CloudAppAccountId
    columnName: RecipientAccountId
  entityType: Account
- fieldMappings:
  - identifier: Address
    columnName: SourceIpAddress
  entityType: IP
description: |
  'A Security Group acts as a virtual firewall of an instance to control inbound and outbound traffic.
   Hence, ingress and egress settings changes to AWS Security Group should be monitored as these can expose the enviornment to new attack vectors.
  More information: https://medium.com/@GorillaStack/the-most-important-aws-cloudtrail-security-events-to-track-a5b9873f8255. '  
{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/2019-04-01/deploymentTemplate.json#",
  "contentVersion": "1.0.0.0",
  "parameters": {
    "workspace": {
      "type": "String"
    }
  },
  "resources": [
    {
      "apiVersion": "2024-01-01-preview",
      "id": "[concat(resourceId('Microsoft.OperationalInsights/workspaces/providers', parameters('workspace'), 'Microsoft.SecurityInsights'),'/alertRules/4f19d4e3-ec5f-4abc-9e61-819eb131758c')]",
      "kind": "Scheduled",
      "name": "[concat(parameters('workspace'),'/Microsoft.SecurityInsights/4f19d4e3-ec5f-4abc-9e61-819eb131758c')]",
      "properties": {
        "alertRuleTemplateName": "4f19d4e3-ec5f-4abc-9e61-819eb131758c",
        "customDetails": null,
        "description": "'A Security Group acts as a virtual firewall of an instance to control inbound and outbound traffic.\n Hence, ingress and egress settings changes to AWS Security Group should be monitored as these can expose the enviornment to new attack vectors.\nMore information: https://medium.com/@GorillaStack/the-most-important-aws-cloudtrail-security-events-to-track-a5b9873f8255. '\n",
        "displayName": "Changes to AWS Security Group ingress and egress settings",
        "enabled": true,
        "entityMappings": [
          {
            "entityType": "Account",
            "fieldMappings": [
              {
                "columnName": "AccountName",
                "identifier": "Name"
              },
              {
                "columnName": "AccountUPNSuffix",
                "identifier": "UPNSuffix"
              },
              {
                "columnName": "RecipientAccountId",
                "identifier": "CloudAppAccountId"
              }
            ]
          },
          {
            "entityType": "IP",
            "fieldMappings": [
              {
                "columnName": "SourceIpAddress",
                "identifier": "Address"
              }
            ]
          }
        ],
        "OriginalUri": "https://github.com/Azure/Azure-Sentinel/blob/master/Solutions/Amazon Web Services/Analytic Rules/AWS_IngressEgressSecurityGroupChange.yaml",
        "query": "let EventNameList = dynamic([ \"AuthorizeSecurityGroupEgress\", \"AuthorizeSecurityGroupIngress\", \"RevokeSecurityGroupEgress\", \"RevokeSecurityGroupIngress\"]);\nAWSCloudTrail\n| where EventName in~ (EventNameList)\n| extend UserIdentityArn = iif(isempty(UserIdentityArn), tostring(parse_json(Resources)[0].ARN), UserIdentityArn)\n| extend UserName = tostring(split(UserIdentityArn, '/')[-1])\n| extend AccountName = case( UserIdentityPrincipalid == \"Anonymous\", \"Anonymous\", isempty(UserIdentityUserName), UserName, UserIdentityUserName)\n| extend AccountName = iif(AccountName contains \"@\", tostring(split(AccountName, '@', 0)[0]), AccountName),\n  AccountUPNSuffix = iif(AccountName contains \"@\", tostring(split(AccountName, '@', 1)[0]), \"\")\n| summarize EventCount=count(), StartTimeUtc = min(TimeGenerated), EndTimeUtc = max(TimeGenerated)\nby EventSource, EventName, UserIdentityType, RecipientAccountId, AccountName, AccountUPNSuffix, SourceIpAddress, UserAgent, SessionMfaAuthenticated, AWSRegion,\nAdditionalEventData, UserIdentityAccountId, UserIdentityPrincipalid, ResponseElements\n| extend timestamp = StartTimeUtc\n",
        "queryFrequency": "P1D",
        "queryPeriod": "P1D",
        "severity": "Low",
        "status": "Available",
        "subTechniques": [],
        "suppressionDuration": "PT1H",
        "suppressionEnabled": false,
        "tactics": [
          "Persistence"
        ],
        "techniques": [
          "T1098"
        ],
        "templateVersion": "1.0.3",
        "triggerOperator": "GreaterThan",
        "triggerThreshold": 0
      },
      "type": "Microsoft.OperationalInsights/workspaces/providers/alertRules"
    }
  ]
}