Microsoft Sentinel Analytic Rules
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Azure DevOps Pull Request Policy Bypassing - Historic allow list

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Id4d8de9e6-263e-4845-8618-cd23a4f58b70
RulenameAzure DevOps Pull Request Policy Bypassing - Historic allow list
DescriptionThis detection builds an allow list of historic PR policy bypasses and compares to recent history, flagging pull request bypasses that are not manually in the allow list and not historically included in the allow list.
SeverityMedium
TacticsPersistence
TechniquesT1098
KindScheduled
Query frequency3h
Query period14d
Trigger threshold0
Trigger operatorgt
Source Urihttps://github.com/Azure/Azure-Sentinel/blob/master/Solutions/AzureDevOpsAuditing/Analytic Rules/AzDOHistoricPrPolicyBypassing.yaml
Version1.0.5
Arm template4d8de9e6-263e-4845-8618-cd23a4f58b70.json
Deploy To Azure
let starttime = 14d;
let endtime = 3h;
// Add full UPN (user@domain.com) to Authorized Bypassers to ignore policy bypasses by certain authorized users
let AuthorizedBypassers = dynamic(['foo@baz.com', 'test@foo.com']);
let historicBypassers = AzureDevOpsAuditing
| where TimeGenerated between (ago(starttime) .. ago(endtime))
| where OperationName == 'Git.RefUpdatePoliciesBypassed'
| distinct ActorUPN;
AzureDevOpsAuditing
| where TimeGenerated >= ago(endtime)
| where OperationName == 'Git.RefUpdatePoliciesBypassed'
| where ActorUPN !in (historicBypassers) and ActorUPN !in (AuthorizedBypassers)
| parse ScopeDisplayName with OrganizationName '(Organization)'
| project TimeGenerated, ActorUPN, IpAddress, UserAgent, OrganizationName, ProjectName, RepoName = Data.RepoName, AlertDetails = Details, Branch = Data.Name,
  BypassReason = Data.BypassReason, PRLink = strcat('https://dev.azure.com/', OrganizationName, '/', ProjectName, '/_git/', Data.RepoName, '/pullrequest/', Data.PullRequestId)
| extend timestamp = TimeGenerated
| extend AccountName = tostring(split(ActorUPN, "@")[0]), AccountUPNSuffix = tostring(split(ActorUPN, "@")[1])
status: Available
description: |
    'This detection builds an allow list of historic PR policy bypasses and compares to recent history, flagging pull request bypasses that are not manually in the allow list and not historically included in the allow list.'
OriginalUri: https://github.com/Azure/Azure-Sentinel/blob/master/Solutions/AzureDevOpsAuditing/Analytic Rules/AzDOHistoricPrPolicyBypassing.yaml
version: 1.0.5
triggerThreshold: 0
kind: Scheduled
queryPeriod: 14d
entityMappings:
- entityType: Account
  fieldMappings:
  - columnName: ActorUPN
    identifier: FullName
  - columnName: AccountName
    identifier: Name
  - columnName: AccountUPNSuffix
    identifier: UPNSuffix
- entityType: IP
  fieldMappings:
  - columnName: IpAddress
    identifier: Address
- entityType: URL
  fieldMappings:
  - columnName: PRLink
    identifier: Url
requiredDataConnectors: []
triggerOperator: gt
id: 4d8de9e6-263e-4845-8618-cd23a4f58b70
name: Azure DevOps Pull Request Policy Bypassing - Historic allow list
query: |
  let starttime = 14d;
  let endtime = 3h;
  // Add full UPN (user@domain.com) to Authorized Bypassers to ignore policy bypasses by certain authorized users
  let AuthorizedBypassers = dynamic(['foo@baz.com', 'test@foo.com']);
  let historicBypassers = AzureDevOpsAuditing
  | where TimeGenerated between (ago(starttime) .. ago(endtime))
  | where OperationName == 'Git.RefUpdatePoliciesBypassed'
  | distinct ActorUPN;
  AzureDevOpsAuditing
  | where TimeGenerated >= ago(endtime)
  | where OperationName == 'Git.RefUpdatePoliciesBypassed'
  | where ActorUPN !in (historicBypassers) and ActorUPN !in (AuthorizedBypassers)
  | parse ScopeDisplayName with OrganizationName '(Organization)'
  | project TimeGenerated, ActorUPN, IpAddress, UserAgent, OrganizationName, ProjectName, RepoName = Data.RepoName, AlertDetails = Details, Branch = Data.Name,
    BypassReason = Data.BypassReason, PRLink = strcat('https://dev.azure.com/', OrganizationName, '/', ProjectName, '/_git/', Data.RepoName, '/pullrequest/', Data.PullRequestId)
  | extend timestamp = TimeGenerated
  | extend AccountName = tostring(split(ActorUPN, "@")[0]), AccountUPNSuffix = tostring(split(ActorUPN, "@")[1])  
tactics:
- Persistence
queryFrequency: 3h
relevantTechniques:
- T1098
severity: Medium
{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/2019-04-01/deploymentTemplate.json#",
  "contentVersion": "1.0.0.0",
  "parameters": {
    "workspace": {
      "type": "String"
    }
  },
  "resources": [
    {
      "apiVersion": "2023-02-01-preview",
      "id": "[concat(resourceId('Microsoft.OperationalInsights/workspaces/providers', parameters('workspace'), 'Microsoft.SecurityInsights'),'/alertRules/4d8de9e6-263e-4845-8618-cd23a4f58b70')]",
      "kind": "Scheduled",
      "name": "[concat(parameters('workspace'),'/Microsoft.SecurityInsights/4d8de9e6-263e-4845-8618-cd23a4f58b70')]",
      "properties": {
        "alertRuleTemplateName": "4d8de9e6-263e-4845-8618-cd23a4f58b70",
        "customDetails": null,
        "description": "'This detection builds an allow list of historic PR policy bypasses and compares to recent history, flagging pull request bypasses that are not manually in the allow list and not historically included in the allow list.'\n",
        "displayName": "Azure DevOps Pull Request Policy Bypassing - Historic allow list",
        "enabled": true,
        "entityMappings": [
          {
            "entityType": "Account",
            "fieldMappings": [
              {
                "columnName": "ActorUPN",
                "identifier": "FullName"
              },
              {
                "columnName": "AccountName",
                "identifier": "Name"
              },
              {
                "columnName": "AccountUPNSuffix",
                "identifier": "UPNSuffix"
              }
            ]
          },
          {
            "entityType": "IP",
            "fieldMappings": [
              {
                "columnName": "IpAddress",
                "identifier": "Address"
              }
            ]
          },
          {
            "entityType": "URL",
            "fieldMappings": [
              {
                "columnName": "PRLink",
                "identifier": "Url"
              }
            ]
          }
        ],
        "OriginalUri": "https://github.com/Azure/Azure-Sentinel/blob/master/Solutions/AzureDevOpsAuditing/Analytic Rules/AzDOHistoricPrPolicyBypassing.yaml",
        "query": "let starttime = 14d;\nlet endtime = 3h;\n// Add full UPN (user@domain.com) to Authorized Bypassers to ignore policy bypasses by certain authorized users\nlet AuthorizedBypassers = dynamic(['foo@baz.com', 'test@foo.com']);\nlet historicBypassers = AzureDevOpsAuditing\n| where TimeGenerated between (ago(starttime) .. ago(endtime))\n| where OperationName == 'Git.RefUpdatePoliciesBypassed'\n| distinct ActorUPN;\nAzureDevOpsAuditing\n| where TimeGenerated >= ago(endtime)\n| where OperationName == 'Git.RefUpdatePoliciesBypassed'\n| where ActorUPN !in (historicBypassers) and ActorUPN !in (AuthorizedBypassers)\n| parse ScopeDisplayName with OrganizationName '(Organization)'\n| project TimeGenerated, ActorUPN, IpAddress, UserAgent, OrganizationName, ProjectName, RepoName = Data.RepoName, AlertDetails = Details, Branch = Data.Name,\n  BypassReason = Data.BypassReason, PRLink = strcat('https://dev.azure.com/', OrganizationName, '/', ProjectName, '/_git/', Data.RepoName, '/pullrequest/', Data.PullRequestId)\n| extend timestamp = TimeGenerated\n| extend AccountName = tostring(split(ActorUPN, \"@\")[0]), AccountUPNSuffix = tostring(split(ActorUPN, \"@\")[1])\n",
        "queryFrequency": "PT3H",
        "queryPeriod": "P14D",
        "severity": "Medium",
        "status": "Available",
        "suppressionDuration": "PT1H",
        "suppressionEnabled": false,
        "tactics": [
          "Persistence"
        ],
        "techniques": [
          "T1098"
        ],
        "templateVersion": "1.0.5",
        "triggerOperator": "GreaterThan",
        "triggerThreshold": 0
      },
      "type": "Microsoft.OperationalInsights/workspaces/providers/alertRules"
    }
  ]
}