Microsoft Sentinel Analytic Rules
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Azure DevOps Variable Secret Not Secured

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Id4ca74dc0-8352-4ac5-893c-73571cc78331
RulenameAzure DevOps Variable Secret Not Secured
DescriptionCredentials used in the build process may be stored as Azure DevOps variables. To secure these variables they should be stored in KeyVault or marked as Secrets.

This detection looks for new variables added with names that suggest they are credentials but where they are not set as Secrets or stored in KeyVault.
SeverityMedium
TacticsCredentialAccess
TechniquesT1552
KindScheduled
Query frequency1d
Query period1d
Trigger threshold0
Trigger operatorgt
Source Urihttps://github.com/Azure/Azure-Sentinel/blob/master/Solutions/AzureDevOpsAuditing/Analytic Rules/ADOSecretNotSecured.yaml
Version1.0.3
Arm template4ca74dc0-8352-4ac5-893c-73571cc78331.json
Deploy To Azure
let keywords = dynamic(["secret", "secrets", "password", "PAT", "passwd", "pswd", "pwd", "cred", "creds", "credentials", "credential", "key"]);
AzureDevOpsAuditing
| where OperationName =~ "Library.VariableGroupModified"
| extend Type = tostring(Data.Type)
| extend VariableGroupId = tostring(Data.VariableGroupId)
| extend VariableGroupName = tostring(Data.VariableGroupName)
| mv-expand Data.Variables
| where VariableGroupName has_any (keywords) or Data_Variables has_any (keywords)
| where Type != "AzureKeyVault"
| where Data_Variables !has "IsSecret"
| extend timestamp = TimeGenerated
| extend AccountName = tostring(split(ActorUPN, "@")[0]), AccountUPNSuffix = tostring(split(ActorUPN, "@")[1])
id: 4ca74dc0-8352-4ac5-893c-73571cc78331
name: Azure DevOps Variable Secret Not Secured
triggerOperator: gt
status: Available
query: |
  let keywords = dynamic(["secret", "secrets", "password", "PAT", "passwd", "pswd", "pwd", "cred", "creds", "credentials", "credential", "key"]);
  AzureDevOpsAuditing
  | where OperationName =~ "Library.VariableGroupModified"
  | extend Type = tostring(Data.Type)
  | extend VariableGroupId = tostring(Data.VariableGroupId)
  | extend VariableGroupName = tostring(Data.VariableGroupName)
  | mv-expand Data.Variables
  | where VariableGroupName has_any (keywords) or Data_Variables has_any (keywords)
  | where Type != "AzureKeyVault"
  | where Data_Variables !has "IsSecret"
  | extend timestamp = TimeGenerated
  | extend AccountName = tostring(split(ActorUPN, "@")[0]), AccountUPNSuffix = tostring(split(ActorUPN, "@")[1])  
queryPeriod: 1d
requiredDataConnectors: []
severity: Medium
queryFrequency: 1d
relevantTechniques:
- T1552
version: 1.0.3
kind: Scheduled
tactics:
- CredentialAccess
triggerThreshold: 0
OriginalUri: https://github.com/Azure/Azure-Sentinel/blob/master/Solutions/AzureDevOpsAuditing/Analytic Rules/ADOSecretNotSecured.yaml
entityMappings:
- fieldMappings:
  - identifier: FullName
    columnName: ActorUPN
  - identifier: Name
    columnName: AccountName
  - identifier: UPNSuffix
    columnName: AccountUPNSuffix
  entityType: Account
- fieldMappings:
  - identifier: Address
    columnName: IpAddress
  entityType: IP
description: |
  'Credentials used in the build process may be stored as Azure DevOps variables. To secure these variables they should be stored in KeyVault or marked as Secrets. 
  This detection looks for new variables added with names that suggest they are credentials but where they are not set as Secrets or stored in KeyVault.'  
{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/2019-04-01/deploymentTemplate.json#",
  "contentVersion": "1.0.0.0",
  "parameters": {
    "workspace": {
      "type": "String"
    }
  },
  "resources": [
    {
      "apiVersion": "2024-01-01-preview",
      "id": "[concat(resourceId('Microsoft.OperationalInsights/workspaces/providers', parameters('workspace'), 'Microsoft.SecurityInsights'),'/alertRules/4ca74dc0-8352-4ac5-893c-73571cc78331')]",
      "kind": "Scheduled",
      "name": "[concat(parameters('workspace'),'/Microsoft.SecurityInsights/4ca74dc0-8352-4ac5-893c-73571cc78331')]",
      "properties": {
        "alertRuleTemplateName": "4ca74dc0-8352-4ac5-893c-73571cc78331",
        "customDetails": null,
        "description": "'Credentials used in the build process may be stored as Azure DevOps variables. To secure these variables they should be stored in KeyVault or marked as Secrets. \nThis detection looks for new variables added with names that suggest they are credentials but where they are not set as Secrets or stored in KeyVault.'\n",
        "displayName": "Azure DevOps Variable Secret Not Secured",
        "enabled": true,
        "entityMappings": [
          {
            "entityType": "Account",
            "fieldMappings": [
              {
                "columnName": "ActorUPN",
                "identifier": "FullName"
              },
              {
                "columnName": "AccountName",
                "identifier": "Name"
              },
              {
                "columnName": "AccountUPNSuffix",
                "identifier": "UPNSuffix"
              }
            ]
          },
          {
            "entityType": "IP",
            "fieldMappings": [
              {
                "columnName": "IpAddress",
                "identifier": "Address"
              }
            ]
          }
        ],
        "OriginalUri": "https://github.com/Azure/Azure-Sentinel/blob/master/Solutions/AzureDevOpsAuditing/Analytic Rules/ADOSecretNotSecured.yaml",
        "query": "let keywords = dynamic([\"secret\", \"secrets\", \"password\", \"PAT\", \"passwd\", \"pswd\", \"pwd\", \"cred\", \"creds\", \"credentials\", \"credential\", \"key\"]);\nAzureDevOpsAuditing\n| where OperationName =~ \"Library.VariableGroupModified\"\n| extend Type = tostring(Data.Type)\n| extend VariableGroupId = tostring(Data.VariableGroupId)\n| extend VariableGroupName = tostring(Data.VariableGroupName)\n| mv-expand Data.Variables\n| where VariableGroupName has_any (keywords) or Data_Variables has_any (keywords)\n| where Type != \"AzureKeyVault\"\n| where Data_Variables !has \"IsSecret\"\n| extend timestamp = TimeGenerated\n| extend AccountName = tostring(split(ActorUPN, \"@\")[0]), AccountUPNSuffix = tostring(split(ActorUPN, \"@\")[1])\n",
        "queryFrequency": "P1D",
        "queryPeriod": "P1D",
        "severity": "Medium",
        "status": "Available",
        "subTechniques": [],
        "suppressionDuration": "PT1H",
        "suppressionEnabled": false,
        "tactics": [
          "CredentialAccess"
        ],
        "techniques": [
          "T1552"
        ],
        "templateVersion": "1.0.3",
        "triggerOperator": "GreaterThan",
        "triggerThreshold": 0
      },
      "type": "Microsoft.OperationalInsights/workspaces/providers/alertRules"
    }
  ]
}