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SUNBURST suspicious SolarWinds child processes

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Id4a3073ac-7383-48a9-90a8-eb6716183a54
RulenameSUNBURST suspicious SolarWinds child processes
DescriptionIdentifies suspicious child processes of SolarWinds.Orion.Core.BusinessLayer.dll that may be evidence of the SUNBURST backdoor

References:

- https://www.fireeye.com/blog/threat-research/2020/12/evasive-attacker-leverages-solarwinds-supply-chain-compromises-with-sunburst-backdoor.html

- https://gist.github.com/olafhartong/71ffdd4cab4b6acd5cbcd1a0691ff82f
SeverityMedium
TacticsExecution
Persistence
Required data connectorsMicrosoftThreatProtection
KindScheduled
Query frequency1d
Query period1d
Trigger threshold0
Trigger operatorgt
Source Urihttps://github.com/Azure/Azure-Sentinel/blob/master/Detections/DeviceProcessEvents/SolarWinds_SUNBURST_Process-IOCs.yaml
Version1.0.4
Arm template4a3073ac-7383-48a9-90a8-eb6716183a54.json
Deploy To Azure
let excludeProcs = dynamic([@"\SolarWinds\Orion\APM\APMServiceControl.exe", @"\SolarWinds\Orion\ExportToPDFCmd.Exe", @"\SolarWinds.Credentials\SolarWinds.Credentials.Orion.WebApi.exe", @"\SolarWinds\Orion\Topology\SolarWinds.Orion.Topology.Calculator.exe", @"\SolarWinds\Orion\Database-Maint.exe", @"\SolarWinds.Orion.ApiPoller.Service\SolarWinds.Orion.ApiPoller.Service.exe", @"\Windows\SysWOW64\WerFault.exe"]);
DeviceProcessEvents
| where InitiatingProcessFileName =~ "solarwinds.businesslayerhost.exe"
| where not(FolderPath has_any (excludeProcs))
| extend
    timestamp = TimeGenerated,
    InitiatingProcessAccountUPNSuffix = tostring(split(InitiatingProcessAccountUpn, "@")[1]),
    Algorithm = "MD5"
id: 4a3073ac-7383-48a9-90a8-eb6716183a54
name: SUNBURST suspicious SolarWinds child processes
triggerOperator: gt
metadata:
  source:
    kind: Community
  support:
    tier: Community
  categories:
    domains:
    - Security - Threat Protection
  author:
    name: pemontto
queryFrequency: 1d
query: |
  let excludeProcs = dynamic([@"\SolarWinds\Orion\APM\APMServiceControl.exe", @"\SolarWinds\Orion\ExportToPDFCmd.Exe", @"\SolarWinds.Credentials\SolarWinds.Credentials.Orion.WebApi.exe", @"\SolarWinds\Orion\Topology\SolarWinds.Orion.Topology.Calculator.exe", @"\SolarWinds\Orion\Database-Maint.exe", @"\SolarWinds.Orion.ApiPoller.Service\SolarWinds.Orion.ApiPoller.Service.exe", @"\Windows\SysWOW64\WerFault.exe"]);
  DeviceProcessEvents
  | where InitiatingProcessFileName =~ "solarwinds.businesslayerhost.exe"
  | where not(FolderPath has_any (excludeProcs))
  | extend
      timestamp = TimeGenerated,
      InitiatingProcessAccountUPNSuffix = tostring(split(InitiatingProcessAccountUpn, "@")[1]),
      Algorithm = "MD5"  
queryPeriod: 1d
requiredDataConnectors:
- connectorId: MicrosoftThreatProtection
  dataTypes:
  - DeviceProcessEvents
severity: Medium
tags:
- Solorigate
- NOBELIUM
version: 1.0.4
kind: Scheduled
tactics:
- Execution
- Persistence
triggerThreshold: 0
OriginalUri: https://github.com/Azure/Azure-Sentinel/blob/master/Detections/DeviceProcessEvents/SolarWinds_SUNBURST_Process-IOCs.yaml
entityMappings:
- fieldMappings:
  - identifier: Name
    columnName: InitiatingProcessAccountName
  - identifier: NTDomain
    columnName: InitiatingProcessAccountDomain
  - identifier: Sid
    columnName: InitiatingProcessAccountSid
  entityType: Account
- fieldMappings:
  - identifier: HostName
    columnName: DeviceName
  entityType: Host
- fieldMappings:
  - identifier: Algorithm
    columnName: Algorithm
  - identifier: Value
    columnName: MD5
  entityType: FileHash
description: |
  Identifies suspicious child processes of SolarWinds.Orion.Core.BusinessLayer.dll that may be evidence of the SUNBURST backdoor
  References:
  - https://www.fireeye.com/blog/threat-research/2020/12/evasive-attacker-leverages-solarwinds-supply-chain-compromises-with-sunburst-backdoor.html
  - https://gist.github.com/olafhartong/71ffdd4cab4b6acd5cbcd1a0691ff82f  
{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/2019-04-01/deploymentTemplate.json#",
  "contentVersion": "1.0.0.0",
  "parameters": {
    "workspace": {
      "type": "String"
    }
  },
  "resources": [
    {
      "apiVersion": "2024-01-01-preview",
      "id": "[concat(resourceId('Microsoft.OperationalInsights/workspaces/providers', parameters('workspace'), 'Microsoft.SecurityInsights'),'/alertRules/4a3073ac-7383-48a9-90a8-eb6716183a54')]",
      "kind": "Scheduled",
      "name": "[concat(parameters('workspace'),'/Microsoft.SecurityInsights/4a3073ac-7383-48a9-90a8-eb6716183a54')]",
      "properties": {
        "alertRuleTemplateName": "4a3073ac-7383-48a9-90a8-eb6716183a54",
        "customDetails": null,
        "description": "Identifies suspicious child processes of SolarWinds.Orion.Core.BusinessLayer.dll that may be evidence of the SUNBURST backdoor\nReferences:\n- https://www.fireeye.com/blog/threat-research/2020/12/evasive-attacker-leverages-solarwinds-supply-chain-compromises-with-sunburst-backdoor.html\n- https://gist.github.com/olafhartong/71ffdd4cab4b6acd5cbcd1a0691ff82f\n",
        "displayName": "SUNBURST suspicious SolarWinds child processes",
        "enabled": true,
        "entityMappings": [
          {
            "entityType": "Account",
            "fieldMappings": [
              {
                "columnName": "InitiatingProcessAccountName",
                "identifier": "Name"
              },
              {
                "columnName": "InitiatingProcessAccountDomain",
                "identifier": "NTDomain"
              },
              {
                "columnName": "InitiatingProcessAccountSid",
                "identifier": "Sid"
              }
            ]
          },
          {
            "entityType": "Host",
            "fieldMappings": [
              {
                "columnName": "DeviceName",
                "identifier": "HostName"
              }
            ]
          },
          {
            "entityType": "FileHash",
            "fieldMappings": [
              {
                "columnName": "Algorithm",
                "identifier": "Algorithm"
              },
              {
                "columnName": "MD5",
                "identifier": "Value"
              }
            ]
          }
        ],
        "OriginalUri": "https://github.com/Azure/Azure-Sentinel/blob/master/Detections/DeviceProcessEvents/SolarWinds_SUNBURST_Process-IOCs.yaml",
        "query": "let excludeProcs = dynamic([@\"\\SolarWinds\\Orion\\APM\\APMServiceControl.exe\", @\"\\SolarWinds\\Orion\\ExportToPDFCmd.Exe\", @\"\\SolarWinds.Credentials\\SolarWinds.Credentials.Orion.WebApi.exe\", @\"\\SolarWinds\\Orion\\Topology\\SolarWinds.Orion.Topology.Calculator.exe\", @\"\\SolarWinds\\Orion\\Database-Maint.exe\", @\"\\SolarWinds.Orion.ApiPoller.Service\\SolarWinds.Orion.ApiPoller.Service.exe\", @\"\\Windows\\SysWOW64\\WerFault.exe\"]);\nDeviceProcessEvents\n| where InitiatingProcessFileName =~ \"solarwinds.businesslayerhost.exe\"\n| where not(FolderPath has_any (excludeProcs))\n| extend\n    timestamp = TimeGenerated,\n    InitiatingProcessAccountUPNSuffix = tostring(split(InitiatingProcessAccountUpn, \"@\")[1]),\n    Algorithm = \"MD5\"\n",
        "queryFrequency": "P1D",
        "queryPeriod": "P1D",
        "severity": "Medium",
        "subTechniques": [],
        "suppressionDuration": "PT1H",
        "suppressionEnabled": false,
        "tactics": [
          "Execution",
          "Persistence"
        ],
        "tags": [
          "Solorigate",
          "NOBELIUM"
        ],
        "templateVersion": "1.0.4",
        "triggerOperator": "GreaterThan",
        "triggerThreshold": 0
      },
      "type": "Microsoft.OperationalInsights/workspaces/providers/alertRules"
    }
  ]
}