Microsoft Sentinel Analytic Rules
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GitLab - User Impersonation

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Id0f4f16a2-b464-4c10-9a42-993da3e15a40
RulenameGitLab - User Impersonation
DescriptionThis queries GitLab Audit Logs for user impersonation. A malicious operator or a compromised admin account could leverage the impersonation feature of GitLab to change code or repository settings bypassing usual processes. This hunting queries allows you to track the audit actions done under impersonation.
SeverityMedium
TacticsPersistence
TechniquesT1078
Required data connectorsSyslog
KindScheduled
Query frequency1h
Query period1d
Trigger threshold0
Trigger operatorgt
Source Urihttps://github.com/Azure/Azure-Sentinel/blob/master/Solutions/GitLab/Analytic Rules/GitLab_Impersonation.yaml
Version1.0.1
Arm template0f4f16a2-b464-4c10-9a42-993da3e15a40.json
Deploy To Azure
let impersonationStart = (GitLabAudit
| where CustomMessage == 'Started Impersonation');
let impersonationStop = (GitLabAudit
| where CustomMessage == 'Stopped Impersonation');
impersonationStart
| join kind=inner impersonationStop on $left.TargetID == $right.TargetID and $left.AuthorID == $right.AuthorID 
| where EventTime1 > EventTime
| extend TimeGenerated, AuthorID, AuthorName, TargetID, TargetDetails = TargetDetails, IPStart = IPAddress, IPStop = IPAddress1, ImpStartTime = EventTime, ImpStopTime = EventTime1, EntityName
| join kind=inner (GitLabAudit | extend ActionTime = EventTime, AuthorName) on $left.TargetDetails == $right.AuthorName 
| where ImpStartTime < ActionTime and ActionTime > ImpStopTime
severity: Medium
OriginalUri: https://github.com/Azure/Azure-Sentinel/blob/master/Solutions/GitLab/Analytic Rules/GitLab_Impersonation.yaml
id: 0f4f16a2-b464-4c10-9a42-993da3e15a40
name: GitLab - User Impersonation
query: |
  let impersonationStart = (GitLabAudit
  | where CustomMessage == 'Started Impersonation');
  let impersonationStop = (GitLabAudit
  | where CustomMessage == 'Stopped Impersonation');
  impersonationStart
  | join kind=inner impersonationStop on $left.TargetID == $right.TargetID and $left.AuthorID == $right.AuthorID 
  | where EventTime1 > EventTime
  | extend TimeGenerated, AuthorID, AuthorName, TargetID, TargetDetails = TargetDetails, IPStart = IPAddress, IPStop = IPAddress1, ImpStartTime = EventTime, ImpStopTime = EventTime1, EntityName
  | join kind=inner (GitLabAudit | extend ActionTime = EventTime, AuthorName) on $left.TargetDetails == $right.AuthorName 
  | where ImpStartTime < ActionTime and ActionTime > ImpStopTime  
entityMappings:
- fieldMappings:
  - columnName: IPStart
    identifier: Address
  entityType: IP
- fieldMappings:
  - columnName: IPStop
    identifier: Address
  entityType: IP
- fieldMappings:
  - columnName: EntityName
    identifier: FullName
  entityType: Account
- fieldMappings:
  - columnName: TargetDetails
    identifier: FullName
  entityType: Account
queryPeriod: 1d
triggerThreshold: 0
tactics:
- Persistence
version: 1.0.1
kind: Scheduled
relevantTechniques:
- T1078
queryFrequency: 1h
status: Available
requiredDataConnectors:
- dataTypes:
  - Syslog
  connectorId: Syslog
description: |
    'This queries GitLab Audit Logs for user impersonation. A malicious operator or a compromised admin account could leverage the impersonation feature of GitLab to change code or repository settings bypassing usual processes. This hunting queries allows you to track the audit actions done under impersonation.'
triggerOperator: gt
{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/2019-04-01/deploymentTemplate.json#",
  "contentVersion": "1.0.0.0",
  "parameters": {
    "workspace": {
      "type": "String"
    }
  },
  "resources": [
    {
      "apiVersion": "2023-02-01-preview",
      "id": "[concat(resourceId('Microsoft.OperationalInsights/workspaces/providers', parameters('workspace'), 'Microsoft.SecurityInsights'),'/alertRules/0f4f16a2-b464-4c10-9a42-993da3e15a40')]",
      "kind": "Scheduled",
      "name": "[concat(parameters('workspace'),'/Microsoft.SecurityInsights/0f4f16a2-b464-4c10-9a42-993da3e15a40')]",
      "properties": {
        "alertRuleTemplateName": "0f4f16a2-b464-4c10-9a42-993da3e15a40",
        "customDetails": null,
        "description": "'This queries GitLab Audit Logs for user impersonation. A malicious operator or a compromised admin account could leverage the impersonation feature of GitLab to change code or repository settings bypassing usual processes. This hunting queries allows you to track the audit actions done under impersonation.'\n",
        "displayName": "GitLab - User Impersonation",
        "enabled": true,
        "entityMappings": [
          {
            "entityType": "IP",
            "fieldMappings": [
              {
                "columnName": "IPStart",
                "identifier": "Address"
              }
            ]
          },
          {
            "entityType": "IP",
            "fieldMappings": [
              {
                "columnName": "IPStop",
                "identifier": "Address"
              }
            ]
          },
          {
            "entityType": "Account",
            "fieldMappings": [
              {
                "columnName": "EntityName",
                "identifier": "FullName"
              }
            ]
          },
          {
            "entityType": "Account",
            "fieldMappings": [
              {
                "columnName": "TargetDetails",
                "identifier": "FullName"
              }
            ]
          }
        ],
        "OriginalUri": "https://github.com/Azure/Azure-Sentinel/blob/master/Solutions/GitLab/Analytic Rules/GitLab_Impersonation.yaml",
        "query": "let impersonationStart = (GitLabAudit\n| where CustomMessage == 'Started Impersonation');\nlet impersonationStop = (GitLabAudit\n| where CustomMessage == 'Stopped Impersonation');\nimpersonationStart\n| join kind=inner impersonationStop on $left.TargetID == $right.TargetID and $left.AuthorID == $right.AuthorID \n| where EventTime1 > EventTime\n| extend TimeGenerated, AuthorID, AuthorName, TargetID, TargetDetails = TargetDetails, IPStart = IPAddress, IPStop = IPAddress1, ImpStartTime = EventTime, ImpStopTime = EventTime1, EntityName\n| join kind=inner (GitLabAudit | extend ActionTime = EventTime, AuthorName) on $left.TargetDetails == $right.AuthorName \n| where ImpStartTime < ActionTime and ActionTime > ImpStopTime\n",
        "queryFrequency": "PT1H",
        "queryPeriod": "P1D",
        "severity": "Medium",
        "status": "Available",
        "suppressionDuration": "PT1H",
        "suppressionEnabled": false,
        "tactics": [
          "Persistence"
        ],
        "techniques": [
          "T1078"
        ],
        "templateVersion": "1.0.1",
        "triggerOperator": "GreaterThan",
        "triggerThreshold": 0
      },
      "type": "Microsoft.OperationalInsights/workspaces/providers/alertRules"
    }
  ]
}