Microsoft Sentinel Analytic Rules
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Silk Typhoon Suspicious File Downloads

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Id03e04c97-8cae-48b3-9d2f-4ab262e4ffff
RulenameSilk Typhoon Suspicious File Downloads.
DescriptionThis query looks for messages related to file downloads of suspicious file types. This query uses the Exchange HttpProxy AOBGeneratorLog, you will need to onboard this log as a custom log under the table http_proxy_oab_CL before using this query.

Reference: https://www.microsoft.com/security/blog/2021/03/02/hafnium-targeting-exchange-servers/
SeverityMedium
TacticsInitialAccess
TechniquesT1190
KindScheduled
Query frequency1d
Query period1d
Trigger threshold0
Trigger operatorgt
Source Urihttps://github.com/Azure/Azure-Sentinel/blob/master/Detections/http_proxy_oab_CL/SilkTyphoonSuspiciousFileDownloads.yaml
Version1.0.3
Arm template03e04c97-8cae-48b3-9d2f-4ab262e4ffff.json
Deploy To Azure
let scriptExtensions = dynamic([".php", ".jsp", ".js", ".aspx", ".asmx", ".asax", ".cfm", ".shtml"]);
http_proxy_oab_CL
| where RawData contains "Download failed and temporary file"
| extend File = extract("([^\\\\]*)(\\\\[^']*)",2,RawData)
| extend Extension = strcat(".",split(File, ".")[-1])
| extend InteractiveFile = iif(Extension in (scriptExtensions), "Yes", "No")
// Uncomment the following line to alert only on interactive file download type
//| where InteractiveFile =~ "Yes"
| extend HostName = tostring(split(Computer, ".")[0]), DomainIndex = toint(indexof(Computer, '.'))
| extend HostNameDomain = iff(DomainIndex != -1, substring(Computer, DomainIndex + 1), Computer)
id: 03e04c97-8cae-48b3-9d2f-4ab262e4ffff
name: Silk Typhoon Suspicious File Downloads.
requiredDataConnectors: []
triggerOperator: gt
severity: Medium
triggerThreshold: 0
OriginalUri: https://github.com/Azure/Azure-Sentinel/blob/master/Detections/http_proxy_oab_CL/SilkTyphoonSuspiciousFileDownloads.yaml
kind: Scheduled
description: |
  'This query looks for messages related to file downloads of suspicious file types. This query uses the Exchange HttpProxy AOBGeneratorLog, you will need to onboard this log as a custom log under the table http_proxy_oab_CL before using this query. 
  Reference: https://www.microsoft.com/security/blog/2021/03/02/hafnium-targeting-exchange-servers/'  
relevantTechniques:
- T1190
metadata:
  support:
    tier: Community
  source:
    kind: Community
  author:
    name: Microsoft Security Research
  categories:
    domains:
    - Security - 0-day Vulnerability
queryPeriod: 1d
query: |
  let scriptExtensions = dynamic([".php", ".jsp", ".js", ".aspx", ".asmx", ".asax", ".cfm", ".shtml"]);
  http_proxy_oab_CL
  | where RawData contains "Download failed and temporary file"
  | extend File = extract("([^\\\\]*)(\\\\[^']*)",2,RawData)
  | extend Extension = strcat(".",split(File, ".")[-1])
  | extend InteractiveFile = iif(Extension in (scriptExtensions), "Yes", "No")
  // Uncomment the following line to alert only on interactive file download type
  //| where InteractiveFile =~ "Yes"
  | extend HostName = tostring(split(Computer, ".")[0]), DomainIndex = toint(indexof(Computer, '.'))
  | extend HostNameDomain = iff(DomainIndex != -1, substring(Computer, DomainIndex + 1), Computer)  
queryFrequency: 1d
version: 1.0.3
tactics:
- InitialAccess
entityMappings:
- fieldMappings:
  - identifier: FullName
    columnName: Computer
  - identifier: HostName
    columnName: HostName
  - identifier: DnsDomain
    columnName: HostNameDomain
  entityType: Host
{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/2019-04-01/deploymentTemplate.json#",
  "contentVersion": "1.0.0.0",
  "parameters": {
    "workspace": {
      "type": "String"
    }
  },
  "resources": [
    {
      "apiVersion": "2023-02-01-preview",
      "id": "[concat(resourceId('Microsoft.OperationalInsights/workspaces/providers', parameters('workspace'), 'Microsoft.SecurityInsights'),'/alertRules/03e04c97-8cae-48b3-9d2f-4ab262e4ffff')]",
      "kind": "Scheduled",
      "name": "[concat(parameters('workspace'),'/Microsoft.SecurityInsights/03e04c97-8cae-48b3-9d2f-4ab262e4ffff')]",
      "properties": {
        "alertRuleTemplateName": "03e04c97-8cae-48b3-9d2f-4ab262e4ffff",
        "customDetails": null,
        "description": "'This query looks for messages related to file downloads of suspicious file types. This query uses the Exchange HttpProxy AOBGeneratorLog, you will need to onboard this log as a custom log under the table http_proxy_oab_CL before using this query. \nReference: https://www.microsoft.com/security/blog/2021/03/02/hafnium-targeting-exchange-servers/'\n",
        "displayName": "Silk Typhoon Suspicious File Downloads.",
        "enabled": true,
        "entityMappings": [
          {
            "entityType": "Host",
            "fieldMappings": [
              {
                "columnName": "Computer",
                "identifier": "FullName"
              },
              {
                "columnName": "HostName",
                "identifier": "HostName"
              },
              {
                "columnName": "HostNameDomain",
                "identifier": "DnsDomain"
              }
            ]
          }
        ],
        "OriginalUri": "https://github.com/Azure/Azure-Sentinel/blob/master/Detections/http_proxy_oab_CL/SilkTyphoonSuspiciousFileDownloads.yaml",
        "query": "let scriptExtensions = dynamic([\".php\", \".jsp\", \".js\", \".aspx\", \".asmx\", \".asax\", \".cfm\", \".shtml\"]);\nhttp_proxy_oab_CL\n| where RawData contains \"Download failed and temporary file\"\n| extend File = extract(\"([^\\\\\\\\]*)(\\\\\\\\[^']*)\",2,RawData)\n| extend Extension = strcat(\".\",split(File, \".\")[-1])\n| extend InteractiveFile = iif(Extension in (scriptExtensions), \"Yes\", \"No\")\n// Uncomment the following line to alert only on interactive file download type\n//| where InteractiveFile =~ \"Yes\"\n| extend HostName = tostring(split(Computer, \".\")[0]), DomainIndex = toint(indexof(Computer, '.'))\n| extend HostNameDomain = iff(DomainIndex != -1, substring(Computer, DomainIndex + 1), Computer)\n",
        "queryFrequency": "P1D",
        "queryPeriod": "P1D",
        "severity": "Medium",
        "suppressionDuration": "PT1H",
        "suppressionEnabled": false,
        "tactics": [
          "InitialAccess"
        ],
        "techniques": [
          "T1190"
        ],
        "templateVersion": "1.0.3",
        "triggerOperator": "GreaterThan",
        "triggerThreshold": 0
      },
      "type": "Microsoft.OperationalInsights/workspaces/providers/alertRules"
    }
  ]
}